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Impacts and effects of a historical high and ENSO linked freshwater inflow in the tropical estuary Nha Phu, southeast Vietnam

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Impacts and effects of a historical high and ENSO linked freshwater inflow in the tropical estuary Nha Phu, southeast Vietnam. / Lund-Hansen, Lars Chresten; Jensen, Kurt Thomas; Andersen, Thorbjorn Joest; Nielsen, Morten Holtegaard; Hai Doan-Nhu; Lam Nguyen-Ngoc.

In: Regional Studies in Marine Science, Vol. 17, 01.2018, p. 28-37.

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Lund-Hansen, Lars Chresten ; Jensen, Kurt Thomas ; Andersen, Thorbjorn Joest ; Nielsen, Morten Holtegaard ; Hai Doan-Nhu ; Lam Nguyen-Ngoc. / Impacts and effects of a historical high and ENSO linked freshwater inflow in the tropical estuary Nha Phu, southeast Vietnam. In: Regional Studies in Marine Science. 2018 ; Vol. 17. pp. 28-37.

Bibtex

@article{6b08a8ac5e404fc2bb3c19ee2ea9dec0,
title = "Impacts and effects of a historical high and ENSO linked freshwater inflow in the tropical estuary Nha Phu, southeast Vietnam",
abstract = "The frequency of strong and extreme precipitation events and high river discharges is foreseen to increase in southeast Asia in the future. The aims of the study were to evaluate physical and biological impacts of a historical (one-in-36 years) (1980-2015) extreme freshwater inflow in November 2010 into the small tropical Nha Phu estuary. The extreme event impacts were assessed relative to a dataset of samplings (n = 11) through 1.5 year of phytoplankton biomass (chlorophyll a), nutrients, CTD, primary production and suspended particulate matter prior to the extreme event. Results show, that the event significantly decreased salinity, increased chl-a 2-3 times, suspended particulate matter and beam attenuation coefficients by 7 times, and the colored dissolved organic matter absorption coefficient by 3 times. The extreme inflow initiated a phytoplankton bloom fueled by catchment area derived nutrients. The bloom established a considerable carbon production and transport of carbon to the coastal and shelf areas. There was likewise a significant export of suspended particulate matter out of the estuary. Residence time decreased from 4.2 to 3.8 days during the extreme event, and pre-inflow water column conditions were re-established within 4-5 days, shown in a previous study. Annual precipitation in the area was linked to the Pacific ENSO-cycle (El Nino Southern Oscillation) with 2010 as a very strong La Nina year. The entire event accounted for 68% of annual precipitation, 39% of annual discharge, and 53% of annual sediment transport in the Dinh River, which discharges into the Nha Phu estuary. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Tropical estuary, Extreme precipitation and discharges, Chl-a bloom, ENSO-cycle, KHANH HOA PROVINCE, TRANG BAY, CHINA SEA, INTERANNUAL VARIATION, AUSTRALIAN ESTUARIES, SALINITY GRADIENT, CLIMATE-CHANGE, SEDIMENT LOAD, FALL RAINFALL, RIVER ESTUARY",
author = "Lund-Hansen, {Lars Chresten} and Jensen, {Kurt Thomas} and Andersen, {Thorbjorn Joest} and Nielsen, {Morten Holtegaard} and {Hai Doan-Nhu} and {Lam Nguyen-Ngoc}",
year = "2018",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1016/j.rsma.2017.11.012",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "28--37",
journal = "Regional Studies in Marine Science",
issn = "2352-4855",
publisher = "Elsevier Science B.V",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impacts and effects of a historical high and ENSO linked freshwater inflow in the tropical estuary Nha Phu, southeast Vietnam

AU - Lund-Hansen, Lars Chresten

AU - Jensen, Kurt Thomas

AU - Andersen, Thorbjorn Joest

AU - Nielsen, Morten Holtegaard

AU - Hai Doan-Nhu, null

AU - Lam Nguyen-Ngoc, null

PY - 2018/1

Y1 - 2018/1

N2 - The frequency of strong and extreme precipitation events and high river discharges is foreseen to increase in southeast Asia in the future. The aims of the study were to evaluate physical and biological impacts of a historical (one-in-36 years) (1980-2015) extreme freshwater inflow in November 2010 into the small tropical Nha Phu estuary. The extreme event impacts were assessed relative to a dataset of samplings (n = 11) through 1.5 year of phytoplankton biomass (chlorophyll a), nutrients, CTD, primary production and suspended particulate matter prior to the extreme event. Results show, that the event significantly decreased salinity, increased chl-a 2-3 times, suspended particulate matter and beam attenuation coefficients by 7 times, and the colored dissolved organic matter absorption coefficient by 3 times. The extreme inflow initiated a phytoplankton bloom fueled by catchment area derived nutrients. The bloom established a considerable carbon production and transport of carbon to the coastal and shelf areas. There was likewise a significant export of suspended particulate matter out of the estuary. Residence time decreased from 4.2 to 3.8 days during the extreme event, and pre-inflow water column conditions were re-established within 4-5 days, shown in a previous study. Annual precipitation in the area was linked to the Pacific ENSO-cycle (El Nino Southern Oscillation) with 2010 as a very strong La Nina year. The entire event accounted for 68% of annual precipitation, 39% of annual discharge, and 53% of annual sediment transport in the Dinh River, which discharges into the Nha Phu estuary. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - The frequency of strong and extreme precipitation events and high river discharges is foreseen to increase in southeast Asia in the future. The aims of the study were to evaluate physical and biological impacts of a historical (one-in-36 years) (1980-2015) extreme freshwater inflow in November 2010 into the small tropical Nha Phu estuary. The extreme event impacts were assessed relative to a dataset of samplings (n = 11) through 1.5 year of phytoplankton biomass (chlorophyll a), nutrients, CTD, primary production and suspended particulate matter prior to the extreme event. Results show, that the event significantly decreased salinity, increased chl-a 2-3 times, suspended particulate matter and beam attenuation coefficients by 7 times, and the colored dissolved organic matter absorption coefficient by 3 times. The extreme inflow initiated a phytoplankton bloom fueled by catchment area derived nutrients. The bloom established a considerable carbon production and transport of carbon to the coastal and shelf areas. There was likewise a significant export of suspended particulate matter out of the estuary. Residence time decreased from 4.2 to 3.8 days during the extreme event, and pre-inflow water column conditions were re-established within 4-5 days, shown in a previous study. Annual precipitation in the area was linked to the Pacific ENSO-cycle (El Nino Southern Oscillation) with 2010 as a very strong La Nina year. The entire event accounted for 68% of annual precipitation, 39% of annual discharge, and 53% of annual sediment transport in the Dinh River, which discharges into the Nha Phu estuary. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Tropical estuary

KW - Extreme precipitation and discharges

KW - Chl-a bloom

KW - ENSO-cycle

KW - KHANH HOA PROVINCE

KW - TRANG BAY

KW - CHINA SEA

KW - INTERANNUAL VARIATION

KW - AUSTRALIAN ESTUARIES

KW - SALINITY GRADIENT

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE

KW - SEDIMENT LOAD

KW - FALL RAINFALL

KW - RIVER ESTUARY

U2 - 10.1016/j.rsma.2017.11.012

DO - 10.1016/j.rsma.2017.11.012

M3 - Journal article

VL - 17

SP - 28

EP - 37

JO - Regional Studies in Marine Science

JF - Regional Studies in Marine Science

SN - 2352-4855

ER -