Imaging of the Hydrogen Subsurface Site in Rutile TiO2

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Imaging of the Hydrogen Subsurface Site in Rutile TiO2. / Enevoldsen, Georg Herborg; Pinto, Henry; Foster, Adam S; Jensen, Mona Christine Robenhagen; Hofer, Werner; Hammer, Bjørk; Lauritsen, Jeppe Vang; Besenbacher, Flemming.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 102, No. 13, 2009, p. 136103-136107.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Enevoldsen, GH, Pinto, H, Foster, AS, Jensen, MCR, Hofer, W, Hammer, B, Lauritsen, JV & Besenbacher, F 2009, 'Imaging of the Hydrogen Subsurface Site in Rutile TiO2', Physical Review Letters, vol. 102, no. 13, pp. 136103-136107. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.136103

APA

Enevoldsen, G. H., Pinto, H., Foster, A. S., Jensen, M. C. R., Hofer, W., Hammer, B., ... Besenbacher, F. (2009). Imaging of the Hydrogen Subsurface Site in Rutile TiO2. Physical Review Letters, 102(13), 136103-136107. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.136103

CBE

Enevoldsen GH, Pinto H, Foster AS, Jensen MCR, Hofer W, Hammer B, Lauritsen JV, Besenbacher F. 2009. Imaging of the Hydrogen Subsurface Site in Rutile TiO2. Physical Review Letters. 102(13):136103-136107. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.136103

MLA

Enevoldsen, Georg Herborg et al. "Imaging of the Hydrogen Subsurface Site in Rutile TiO2". Physical Review Letters. 2009, 102(13). 136103-136107. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.136103

Vancouver

Enevoldsen GH, Pinto H, Foster AS, Jensen MCR, Hofer W, Hammer B et al. Imaging of the Hydrogen Subsurface Site in Rutile TiO2. Physical Review Letters. 2009;102(13):136103-136107. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.136103

Author

Enevoldsen, Georg Herborg ; Pinto, Henry ; Foster, Adam S ; Jensen, Mona Christine Robenhagen ; Hofer, Werner ; Hammer, Bjørk ; Lauritsen, Jeppe Vang ; Besenbacher, Flemming. / Imaging of the Hydrogen Subsurface Site in Rutile TiO2. In: Physical Review Letters. 2009 ; Vol. 102, No. 13. pp. 136103-136107.

Bibtex

@article{f954b7a08bd411deaab2000ea68e967b,
title = "Imaging of the Hydrogen Subsurface Site in Rutile TiO2",
abstract = "From an interplay between simultaneously recorded noncontact atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy images and simulations based on density functional theory, we reveal the location of single hydrogen species in the surface and subsurface layers of rutile TiO2. Subsurface hydrogen atoms (H-sub) are found to reside in a stable interstitial site as subsurface OH groups detectable in scanning tunneling microscopy as a characteristic electronic state but imperceptible to atomic force microscopy. The combined atomic force microscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, and density functional theory study demonstrates a general scheme to reveal near surface defects and interstitials in poorly conducting materials.",
author = "Enevoldsen, {Georg Herborg} and Henry Pinto and Foster, {Adam S} and Jensen, {Mona Christine Robenhagen} and Werner Hofer and Bj{\o}rk Hammer and Lauritsen, {Jeppe Vang} and Flemming Besenbacher",
note = "Paper id:: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.136103",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.136103",
language = "English",
volume = "102",
pages = "136103--136107",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "AMER PHYSICAL SOC",
number = "13",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Imaging of the Hydrogen Subsurface Site in Rutile TiO2

AU - Enevoldsen, Georg Herborg

AU - Pinto, Henry

AU - Foster, Adam S

AU - Jensen, Mona Christine Robenhagen

AU - Hofer, Werner

AU - Hammer, Bjørk

AU - Lauritsen, Jeppe Vang

AU - Besenbacher, Flemming

N1 - Paper id:: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.136103

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - From an interplay between simultaneously recorded noncontact atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy images and simulations based on density functional theory, we reveal the location of single hydrogen species in the surface and subsurface layers of rutile TiO2. Subsurface hydrogen atoms (H-sub) are found to reside in a stable interstitial site as subsurface OH groups detectable in scanning tunneling microscopy as a characteristic electronic state but imperceptible to atomic force microscopy. The combined atomic force microscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, and density functional theory study demonstrates a general scheme to reveal near surface defects and interstitials in poorly conducting materials.

AB - From an interplay between simultaneously recorded noncontact atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy images and simulations based on density functional theory, we reveal the location of single hydrogen species in the surface and subsurface layers of rutile TiO2. Subsurface hydrogen atoms (H-sub) are found to reside in a stable interstitial site as subsurface OH groups detectable in scanning tunneling microscopy as a characteristic electronic state but imperceptible to atomic force microscopy. The combined atomic force microscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, and density functional theory study demonstrates a general scheme to reveal near surface defects and interstitials in poorly conducting materials.

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.136103

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.136103

M3 - Journal article

VL - 102

SP - 136103

EP - 136107

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 13

ER -