Identifying Valid Algorithms for Number of Lines of Anti-Neoplastic Therapy in the Danish National Patient Registry Among Patients with Advanced Ovarian, Gastric, Renal Cell, Urothelial, and Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Attending a Danish University Hospital

Signe Sørup, Bianka Darvalics, Jakob Schöllhammer Knudsen, Anne Staub Rasmussen, Cathrine Fonnesbech Hjorth, Søren Viborg Vestergaard, Azza Ahmed Khalil, Leo Russo, Dina Oksen, Emmanuelle Boutmy, Patrice Verpillat, Mikael Rørth, Deirdre Cronin-Fenton

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To develop algorithms to identify number of lines of anti-neoplastic therapy per patient based on the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR) and identify which algorithm has the highest percentage agreement with a reference standard of documentation in medical records.

Patients and Methods: We included 179 patients diagnosed between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2016, with stage II, III, or IV urothelial cell carcinoma or stage III or IV epithelial ovarian cancer, gastric adenocarcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, or non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We developed two algorithms for number of lines of anti-neoplastic therapy based on dates and treatment codes (eg, "treatment with cisplatin" or "cytostatic treatment") in the DNPR. First, to denote a change in line of therapy the "Time-based algorithm" used the number of days between consecutive administrations. Second, the "Drug-based algorithm" used information on drug names if available or the number of days between consecutive administrations if no drug names were specified. We calculated the percentage agreement between the algorithms setting the number of allowed days between consecutive administrations from 28 to 50 and the reference standard - information on anti-neoplastic therapy drugs abstracted from medical records and subsequently coded according to lines of anti-neoplastic therapy.

Results: For the "Time-based algorithm", the highest percentage agreement with the reference standard was found when using <45 days between consecutive administrations (67.6%; 95% CI: 60.1-73.8%). However, the percentage agreement was higher for the "Drug-based algorithm" using <45 days between consecutive administrations for registrations where the drug name was unspecified (90.5%; 95% CI: 85.0-93.7%).

Conclusion: The algorithm for number of lines of anti-neoplastic therapy that had the highest percentage agreement with the reference standard (medical records) incorporated both registration of specific drug names and <45 days between consecutive administrations if the drug name was unspecified in routinely recorded data from DNPR.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Epidemiology
Volume14
Pages (from-to)159-171
Number of pages13
ISSN1179-1349
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Denmark
  • Duration of chemotherapy
  • Medical oncologic treatments
  • Medical records review
  • positive predictive value

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