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Hydrothermal liquefaction aqueous phase treatment and hydrogen production using electro-oxidation

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Post-hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) aqueous phase treatment is an emerging issue and must be addressed for the commercial application of the HTL process. This study investigates the simultaneous production of hydrogen and reduction of chemical oxygen demand by applying electro-oxidation using boron doped diamond electrodes. Two types of hydrothermal liquefaction aqueous phases produced from wheat straw and sewage sludge are investigated and the largest chemical oxygen demand removal (82 and 99%) and hydrogen production rates (2.0 and 1.8 NL/h) were attained at the highest current density. However, a positive energy return on investment of an integrated HTL-electro oxidation process can only be achieved at the lowest current density where the removal of organics and hydrogen production is lower. Analysis via GC–MS and GC-FID shows that complex aromatic compounds are degraded first through the formation of organic acids that are oxidized only with longer residence times and more severe current densities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114462
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s)

    Research areas

  • Aqueous phase, Electrochemical oxidation, Hydrogen, Hydrothermal liquefaction, Sewage sludge, Wheat straw

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