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How precisely can easily accessible variables predict achilles and patellar tendon forces during running?

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  • René B.K. Brund, Aalborg University
  • ,
  • Rasmus Waagepetersen, Aalborg University
  • ,
  • Rasmus O. Nielsen
  • John Rasmussen, Aalborg University
  • ,
  • Michael S. Nielsen, Aalborg University
  • ,
  • Christian H. Andersen, Aalborg University
  • ,
  • Mark de Zee, Aalborg University

Patellar and Achilles tendinopathy commonly affect runners. Developing algorithms to predict cumulative force in these structures may help prevent these injuries. Importantly, such algorithms should be fueled with data that are easily accessible while completing a running session outside a biomechanical laboratory. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to investigate whether algorithms can be developed for predicting patellar and Achilles tendon force and impulse during running using measures that can be easily collected by runners using commercially available devices. A secondary objective was to evaluate the predictive performance of the algorithms against the commonly used running distance. Trials of 24 recreational runners were collected with an Xsens suit and a Garmin Forerunner 735XT at three different intended running speeds. Data were analyzed using a mixed‐effects multiple regression model, which was used to model the association between the estimated forces in anatomical structures and the training load variables during the fixed running speeds. This provides twelve algorithms for predicting patellar or Achilles tendon peak force and impulse per stride. The algorithms developed in the current study were always superior to the running distance algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7418
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Research areas

  • Achilles tendon, Algorithm, Garmin, Injuries, Patellar tendon, Sports medicine, Wearables

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