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Historical Trust Levels Predict Current Welfare State Design

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Historical Trust Levels Predict Current Welfare State Design. / Bergh, Andreas; Bjørnskov, Christian.

Stockholm : The Ratio Institute, 2009.

Research output: Working paperResearch

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Bergh, Andreas and Christian Bjørnskov Historical Trust Levels Predict Current Welfare State Design. Stockholm: The Ratio Institute. 2009., 28 p.

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Bergh, Andreas ; Bjørnskov, Christian. / Historical Trust Levels Predict Current Welfare State Design. Stockholm : The Ratio Institute, 2009.

Bibtex

@techreport{b8713c80c4bf11dea568000ea68e967b,
title = "Historical Trust Levels Predict Current Welfare State Design",
abstract = "Using cross-sectional data for 76 countries, we apply instrumental variable techniques based on pronoun drop, temperature and monarchies to demonstrate that historical trust levels predict several indicators of current welfare state design, including universalism and high levels of regulatory freedom. We argue that high levels of trust and trustworthiness are necessary, but not sufficient, conditions for societies to develop successful universal welfare states that would otherwise be highly vulnerable to free riding and fraudulent behavior. Our results do not exclude positive feedback from welfare state universalism to individual trust, although we claim that the important causal link runs from historically trust levels to current welfare state design.",
keywords = "Social trust, Welfare state",
author = "Andreas Bergh and Christian Bj{\o}rnskov",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
publisher = "The Ratio Institute",
address = "Sweden",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "The Ratio Institute",

}

RIS

TY - UNPB

T1 - Historical Trust Levels Predict Current Welfare State Design

AU - Bergh, Andreas

AU - Bjørnskov, Christian

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Using cross-sectional data for 76 countries, we apply instrumental variable techniques based on pronoun drop, temperature and monarchies to demonstrate that historical trust levels predict several indicators of current welfare state design, including universalism and high levels of regulatory freedom. We argue that high levels of trust and trustworthiness are necessary, but not sufficient, conditions for societies to develop successful universal welfare states that would otherwise be highly vulnerable to free riding and fraudulent behavior. Our results do not exclude positive feedback from welfare state universalism to individual trust, although we claim that the important causal link runs from historically trust levels to current welfare state design.

AB - Using cross-sectional data for 76 countries, we apply instrumental variable techniques based on pronoun drop, temperature and monarchies to demonstrate that historical trust levels predict several indicators of current welfare state design, including universalism and high levels of regulatory freedom. We argue that high levels of trust and trustworthiness are necessary, but not sufficient, conditions for societies to develop successful universal welfare states that would otherwise be highly vulnerable to free riding and fraudulent behavior. Our results do not exclude positive feedback from welfare state universalism to individual trust, although we claim that the important causal link runs from historically trust levels to current welfare state design.

KW - Social trust

KW - Welfare state

M3 - Working paper

BT - Historical Trust Levels Predict Current Welfare State Design

PB - The Ratio Institute

CY - Stockholm

ER -