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Historical Case Studies: The “Model Organisms” of Philosophy of Science

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Historical Case Studies : The “Model Organisms” of Philosophy of Science. / Schindler, Samuel; Scholl, Raphael.

In: Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy, Vol. 87, No. 2, 04.2022, p. 933–952.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Schindler, S & Scholl, R 2022, 'Historical Case Studies: The “Model Organisms” of Philosophy of Science', Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy, vol. 87, no. 2, pp. 933–952. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-020-00224-5

APA

Schindler, S., & Scholl, R. (2022). Historical Case Studies: The “Model Organisms” of Philosophy of Science. Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy, 87(2), 933–952. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-020-00224-5

CBE

Schindler S, Scholl R. 2022. Historical Case Studies: The “Model Organisms” of Philosophy of Science. Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy. 87(2): 933–952. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-020-00224-5

MLA

Schindler, Samuel and Raphael Scholl. "Historical Case Studies: The “Model Organisms” of Philosophy of Science". Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy. 2022, 87(2). 933–952. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-020-00224-5

Vancouver

Schindler S, Scholl R. Historical Case Studies: The “Model Organisms” of Philosophy of Science. Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy. 2022 Apr;87(2): 933–952. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-020-00224-5

Author

Schindler, Samuel ; Scholl, Raphael. / Historical Case Studies : The “Model Organisms” of Philosophy of Science. In: Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy. 2022 ; Vol. 87, No. 2. pp. 933–952.

Bibtex

@article{e0794145f51042b2aa90ef9b5767813c,
title = "Historical Case Studies: The “Model Organisms” of Philosophy of Science",
abstract = "Philosophers use historical case studies to support wide-ranging claims about science. This practice is often criticized as problematic. In this paper we suggest that the function of case studies can be understood and justified by analogy to a well-established practice in biology: the investigation of model organisms. We argue that inferences based on case studies are no more (or less) problematic than inferences from model organisms to larger classes of organisms in biology. We demonstrate our view in detail by reference to a case study with a long history: Semmelweis{\textquoteright}s discovery of the cause of childbed fever.",
author = "Samuel Schindler and Raphael Scholl",
year = "2022",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1007/s10670-020-00224-5",
language = "English",
volume = "87",
pages = " 933–952",
journal = "Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy",
issn = "0165-0106",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Historical Case Studies

T2 - The “Model Organisms” of Philosophy of Science

AU - Schindler, Samuel

AU - Scholl, Raphael

PY - 2022/4

Y1 - 2022/4

N2 - Philosophers use historical case studies to support wide-ranging claims about science. This practice is often criticized as problematic. In this paper we suggest that the function of case studies can be understood and justified by analogy to a well-established practice in biology: the investigation of model organisms. We argue that inferences based on case studies are no more (or less) problematic than inferences from model organisms to larger classes of organisms in biology. We demonstrate our view in detail by reference to a case study with a long history: Semmelweis’s discovery of the cause of childbed fever.

AB - Philosophers use historical case studies to support wide-ranging claims about science. This practice is often criticized as problematic. In this paper we suggest that the function of case studies can be understood and justified by analogy to a well-established practice in biology: the investigation of model organisms. We argue that inferences based on case studies are no more (or less) problematic than inferences from model organisms to larger classes of organisms in biology. We demonstrate our view in detail by reference to a case study with a long history: Semmelweis’s discovery of the cause of childbed fever.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85079726953&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10670-020-00224-5

DO - 10.1007/s10670-020-00224-5

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85079726953

VL - 87

SP - 933

EP - 952

JO - Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy

JF - Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy

SN - 0165-0106

IS - 2

ER -