High-order harmonic generation in imperfect crystals

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High-order harmonic generation (HHG) in imperfect crystals, where the disorder is modeled by random shifts of the ionic positions, is studied using time-dependent density-functional theory. When irradiated by midinfrared laser pulses, the disorder-free system produces HHG spectra with two plateaus. Compared with the disorder-free system, disordered systems are found to emit suppressed harmonics in the first plateau region and enhanced harmonics in the second plateau region. The suppression of harmonics in the first plateau becomes less pronounced when decreasing the displacement of the nuclei, while the enhancement in the second plateau region is insensitive to the range of the ionic displacement. We have confirmed these findings for many different disordered sample systems and for different laser field strengths. The increase of the HHG signals in the second plateau region is proposed to stem from a change of the dynamics in the system, evidenced by the transition matrix elements between the field-free Kohn-Sham orbitals. In addition, a time-frequency profile of HHG spectra shows that the emission of harmonics is less regular in the time domain for a disordered system than for the disorder-free system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063408
JournalPhysical Review A
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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