Hepatosplenic schistosomiasis: playing hide-and-seek with an elusive parasite

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DOI

A 27-year-old man of Eritrean origin presented with persistent left-sided abdominal pain. Initial investigation showed signs of liver fibrosis, portal hypertension and splenomegaly. A diagnosis of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis was suspected on grounds of elevated total IgE, grey area antischistosomiasis antibodies and the high endemic status of his native country. However, repeated microscopy of faecal and urine samples, as well as rectal biopsies, failed to demonstrate schistosomal eggs. Finally, the diagnosis of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis was established through demonstration of a Schistosoma mansoni egg in a liver biopsy taken in an attempt to clarify the cause of the above findings. The patient had recently been treated for uncomplicated malaria. Lowered schistosomiasis worm/egg burden and hence reduced sensitivity of classic microscopy-based schistosomiasis testing was attributed to the antischistosomal activity of the antimalarial chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalB M J Case Reports
Volume2017
Number of pages6
ISSN1757-790X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2017

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  • Journal Article

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