Global synergies and trade-offs between multiple dimensions of biodiversity and ecosystem services

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  • Marco Girardello
  • ,
  • Andrea Santangeli, Helsingin yliopisto
  • ,
  • Emiliano Mori, Università degli Studi di Torino
  • ,
  • Anna Chapman, University of Athens
  • ,
  • Simone Fattorini, Universita degli Studi dell'Aquila
  • ,
  • Robin Naidoo, Conservation Science Program
  • ,
  • Sandro Bertolino, Università degli Studi di Torino
  • ,
  • Jens Christian Svenning

Ensuring the persistence of biodiversity and ecosystem services represents a global challenge that need to be addressed with high urgency. Global priority areas can only be identified by means of an integrated prioritization approach that would not only preserve species numbers and ecosystem services, but also the evolutionary and functional components of diversity. In this study we combine global datasets on the distribution of mammals and birds with species traits and phylogenetic data and we identify conservation priorities for taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity, as well as for three ecosystem services, including potential for carbon sequestration, pollination potential and groundwater recharge. We show that, when priority areas are identified based only on individual, e.g. functional diversity, or any combination of the three biodiversity components, these areas do not allow a sufficient protection of the three ecosystem services. However, an integrated approach whereby prioritization is based on all biodiversity components and ecosystem services would allow to identify areas that maximize protection of all ecosystem services with a minimal loss in biodiversity coverage. Our results highlight the need for an integrated conservation planning framework in order to optimally allocate resources and achieve the long-term preservation of the multiple dimensions of biodiversity and ecosystems services.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5636
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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