Gene expression in the liver remnant is significantly affected by the size of partial hepatectomy: An experimental rat study

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Extended hepatectomies may result in posthepatectomy liver failure, a condition with a high mortality. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate and compare the gene expression profiles in rats subjected to increasing size of partial hepatectomy (PH). Thirty Wistar rats were subjected to 30%, 70%, or 90% PH, sham operation, or no operation. Twenty-four hours following resection, liver tissue was harvested and genome-wide expression analysis was performed. Cluster analysis revealed two main groupings, one containing the PH(90%) and one containing the remaining groups [baseline, sham, PH(30%), and PH(70%)]. Categorization of specific affected molecular pathways in the PH(90%) group revealed a downregulation of cellular homeostatic function degradation and biosynthesis, whereas proliferation, cell growth, and cellular stress and injury were upregulated in the PH(90%) group. After PH(90%), the main upregulated pathways were mTOR and ILK. The main activated upstream regulators were hepatocyte growth factor and transforming growth factor. With decreasing size of the future liver remnant, the liver tended to prioritize expression of genes involved in cell proliferation and differentiation at the expense of genes involved in metabolism and body homeostasis. This prioritizing may be an essential molecular explanation for posthepatectomy liver failure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGene Expression
Pages (from-to)289-299
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Research areas

  • Gene expression, Hepatectomy, Liver failure, Microarray analysis, Regeneration

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