Gas-Phase Ion Fluorescence Spectroscopy of Tailor-made Rhodamine Homo- and Heterodyads: Quenching of Electronic Communication by π-Conjugated Linkers

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While many key photophysical features are understood for electronic communication between chromophores in neutral compounds, there is limited information on the effect of charges in practically relevant ionic chromo/fluorophores. Here we have chosen positively charged rhodamines and prepared a selection of homo- and heterodimers with alkyl or π-conjugated, acetylenic bridges. Protonated molecules were transferred as isolated ions to gas phase where there is no solvent screening of charges, and fluorescence spectra were measured with a custom-made ion-trap setup. Our work reveals strong polarization of the π-spacer (induced dipole/quadrupole) when it experiences the electric field from one/ two dyes. Hence, π-spacers provide efficient shielding of charges by reducing the Coulomb interaction, whereas two dye cations polarize each other when connected by an alkyl. The screening influences the Förster resonance energy transfer efficiency that relies on the dipole–dipole interaction.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Pages (from-to)20946-20955
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

    Research areas

  • alkynes, cross-coupling, dyads, fluorescence, gas-phase FRET

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