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Fractionating auditory priors: A neural dissociation between active and passive experience of musical sounds

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Fractionating auditory priors : A neural dissociation between active and passive experience of musical sounds. / Kliuchko, Marina; Brattico, Elvira; Gold, Benjamin P. et al.

In: PLOS ONE, Vol. 14, No. 5, 0216499, 03.05.2019.

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Kliuchko M, Brattico E, Gold BP, Tervaniemi M, Bogert B, Toiviainen P et al. Fractionating auditory priors: A neural dissociation between active and passive experience of musical sounds. PLOS ONE. 2019 May 3;14(5):0216499. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216499

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@article{edfdce0723a5487baa49cfa86e94f3f9,
title = "Fractionating auditory priors: A neural dissociation between active and passive experience of musical sounds",
abstract = "Learning, attention and action play a crucial role in determining how stimulus predictions are formed, stored, and updated. Years-long experience with the specific repertoires of sounds of one or more musical styles is what characterizes professional musicians. Here we contrasted active experience with sounds, namely long-lasting motor practice, theoretical study and engaged listening to the acoustic features characterizing a musical style of choice in professional musicians with mainly passive experience of sounds in laypersons. We hypothesized that long-term active experience of sounds would influence the neural predictions of the stylistic features in professional musicians in a distinct way from the mainly passive experience of sounds in laypersons. Participants with different musical backgrounds were recruited: professional jazz and classical musicians, amateur musicians and non-musicians. They were presented with a musical multi-feature paradigm eliciting mismatch negativity (MMN), a prediction error signal to changes in six sound features for only 12 minutes of electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings. We observed a generally larger MMN amplitudes-indicative of stronger automatic neural signals to violated priors-in jazz musicians (but not in classical musicians) as compared to non-musicians and amateurs. The specific MMN enhancements were found for spectral features (timbre, pitch, slide) and sound intensity. In participants who were not musicians, the higher preference for jazz music was associated with reduced MMN to pitch slide (a feature common in jazz music style). Our results suggest that long-lasting, active experience of a musical style is associated with accurate neural priors for the sound features of the preferred style, in contrast to passive listening.",
author = "Marina Kliuchko and Elvira Brattico and Gold, {Benjamin P.} and Mari Tervaniemi and Brigitte Bogert and Petri Toiviainen and Peter Vuust",
year = "2019",
month = may,
day = "3",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0216499",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "public library of science",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fractionating auditory priors

T2 - A neural dissociation between active and passive experience of musical sounds

AU - Kliuchko, Marina

AU - Brattico, Elvira

AU - Gold, Benjamin P.

AU - Tervaniemi, Mari

AU - Bogert, Brigitte

AU - Toiviainen, Petri

AU - Vuust, Peter

PY - 2019/5/3

Y1 - 2019/5/3

N2 - Learning, attention and action play a crucial role in determining how stimulus predictions are formed, stored, and updated. Years-long experience with the specific repertoires of sounds of one or more musical styles is what characterizes professional musicians. Here we contrasted active experience with sounds, namely long-lasting motor practice, theoretical study and engaged listening to the acoustic features characterizing a musical style of choice in professional musicians with mainly passive experience of sounds in laypersons. We hypothesized that long-term active experience of sounds would influence the neural predictions of the stylistic features in professional musicians in a distinct way from the mainly passive experience of sounds in laypersons. Participants with different musical backgrounds were recruited: professional jazz and classical musicians, amateur musicians and non-musicians. They were presented with a musical multi-feature paradigm eliciting mismatch negativity (MMN), a prediction error signal to changes in six sound features for only 12 minutes of electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings. We observed a generally larger MMN amplitudes-indicative of stronger automatic neural signals to violated priors-in jazz musicians (but not in classical musicians) as compared to non-musicians and amateurs. The specific MMN enhancements were found for spectral features (timbre, pitch, slide) and sound intensity. In participants who were not musicians, the higher preference for jazz music was associated with reduced MMN to pitch slide (a feature common in jazz music style). Our results suggest that long-lasting, active experience of a musical style is associated with accurate neural priors for the sound features of the preferred style, in contrast to passive listening.

AB - Learning, attention and action play a crucial role in determining how stimulus predictions are formed, stored, and updated. Years-long experience with the specific repertoires of sounds of one or more musical styles is what characterizes professional musicians. Here we contrasted active experience with sounds, namely long-lasting motor practice, theoretical study and engaged listening to the acoustic features characterizing a musical style of choice in professional musicians with mainly passive experience of sounds in laypersons. We hypothesized that long-term active experience of sounds would influence the neural predictions of the stylistic features in professional musicians in a distinct way from the mainly passive experience of sounds in laypersons. Participants with different musical backgrounds were recruited: professional jazz and classical musicians, amateur musicians and non-musicians. They were presented with a musical multi-feature paradigm eliciting mismatch negativity (MMN), a prediction error signal to changes in six sound features for only 12 minutes of electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings. We observed a generally larger MMN amplitudes-indicative of stronger automatic neural signals to violated priors-in jazz musicians (but not in classical musicians) as compared to non-musicians and amateurs. The specific MMN enhancements were found for spectral features (timbre, pitch, slide) and sound intensity. In participants who were not musicians, the higher preference for jazz music was associated with reduced MMN to pitch slide (a feature common in jazz music style). Our results suggest that long-lasting, active experience of a musical style is associated with accurate neural priors for the sound features of the preferred style, in contrast to passive listening.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065655236&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0216499

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0216499

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31051008

AN - SCOPUS:85065655236

VL - 14

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 5

M1 - 0216499

ER -