Fractional flow reserve derived from coronary CT angiography: Variation of repeated analyses

Sara Gaur, Hiram G Bezerra, Jens F Lassen, Evald H Christiansen, Kentaro Tanaka, Jesper Møller Jensen, Keith G Oldroyd, Jonathon Leipsic, Stephan Achenbach, Anne K Kaltoft, Hans Erik Bøtker, Bjarne L Nørgaard

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is the standard of reference for assessing the hemodynamic significance of coronary stenoses in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Noninvasive FFR derived from coronary CT angiography (FFRCT) is a promising new noninvasive method for assessing the physiologic significance of epicardial stenoses. The reproducibility of FFRCT has not yet been established.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the variation of repeated analyses of FFRCT per se and in the context of the reproducibility of repeated FFR measurements.

METHODS: Coronary CT angiography and invasive coronary angiography with repeated FFR measurements were performed in 28 patients (58 vessels) with suspected stable coronary artery disease. Based on the coronary CT angiography data set, FFRCT analyses were performed twice by 2 independent blinded analysts.

RESULTS: In 12 of 58 (21%) vessels FFR was ≤0.80. The standard deviation for the difference between first and second FFRCT analyses was 0.034 vs 0.033 for FFR repeated measurements (P = .722). Limits of agreement were -0.06 to 0.08 for FFRCT and -0.07 to 0.06 for FFR. The coefficient of variation of FFRCT (CVFFRct) was 3.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4%-4.6%) vs 2.7% (95% CI, 1.8%-3.3%) for FFR. In vessels with mean FFR ranging between 0.70 and 0.90 (n = 25), the difference between the first and second FFRCT analyses was 0.035 and FFR repeated measurements was 0.043 (P = .357), whereas CVFFRct was 3.3% (95% CI, 1.5%-4.3%) and coefficient of variation for FFR was 3.6% (95% CI, 2.3%-4.6%).

CONCLUSIONS: The reproducibility of both repeated FFRCT analyses and repeated FFR measurements is high.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Volume8
Issue4
Pages (from-to)307-14
Number of pages8
ISSN1934-5925
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2014

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