Force Systems Produced by Different Cantilever Configurations during Deactivation

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  • Malgorzata Bilinska
  • ,
  • Isabel Meret Golliez, University of Basel, Switzerland
  • Michel Dalstra

Intrusion with a three-piece arch is routinely achieved during orthodontic treatment. This study aimed to experimentally determine how the cantilever design influences the generated force system. Both straight and arch-formed cantilever designs: tip-back (TB), flat curve (FC) deep curve (DC), and 3 mm and 6 mm high utility arch (UA3; UA6) were activated for 5 mm and 10 mm. Force systems were determined by a hexapod. Typodonts simulating a three piece-intrusion arch were scanned using an intraoral scanner (3Shape, TRIOS, Denmark) before (T0) and after (T1) the experiment and superimposed with Mimics software (Materialise, Leuven, Belgium). Data were analyzed. All straight designs displayed an extrusive force in the vertical plane, and all arch-formed an intrusive force. DC and TB showed a retrusive force in the sagittal plane and UA6 a protrusive. For the medial/lateral forces, DC and TB displayed a medial, and UA6 a lateral force. Configurations can be distinctively ranked from DC, FC, TB to UA3, and UA6 according to the increasing protrusive nature of the generated sagittal forces. A DC or TB configuration should be used for intrusion and retraction, while for an intrusion and a protrusion, a UA6 configuration. All straight configurations showed a higher force level than the arch-formed configurations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4815
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

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