Fibril core of transforming growth factor beta-induced protein (TGFBIp) facilitates aggregation of corneal TGFBIp

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Mutations in the transforming growth factor beta-induced (TGFBI) gene result in a group of hereditary diseases of the cornea that are collectively known as TGFBI corneal dystrophies. These mutations translate into amino acid substitutions mainly within the fourth fasciclin 1 domain (FAS1-4) of the transforming growth factor beta-induced protein (TGFBIp) and cause either amyloid or non-amyloid protein aggregates in the anterior and central parts of the cornea, depending on the mutation. The A546T substitution in TGFBIp causes lattice corneal dystrophy (LCD), which manifests as amyloid-type aggregates in the corneal stroma. We previously showed that the A546T substitution renders TGFBIp and the FAS1-4 domain thermodynamically less stable compared with the wild-type (WT) protein, and the mutant FAS1-4 is prone to amyloid formation in vitro. In the present study, we identified the core of A546T FAS1-4 amyloid fibrils. Significantly, we identified the Y571-R588 region of TGFBIp, which we previously found to be enriched in amyloid deposits in LCD patients. We further found that the Y571-R588 peptide seeded fibrillation of A546T FAS1-4 and, more importantly, we demonstrated that native TGFBIp aggregates in the presence of fibrils formed by the core peptide. Collectively, these data suggest an involvement of the Y571-R588 peptide in LCD pathophysiology.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemistry
Volume19
Issue54
Pages (from-to)2943-2956
Number of pages14
ISSN0006-2960
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2015

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