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Femoral nerve blocks for the treatment of acute prehospital pain: a systematic reviewwith meta-analysis

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Femoral nerve blocks for the treatment of acute prehospital pain : a systematic reviewwith meta-analysis. / Raatiniemi, Lasse; Magnusson, Vidar; Hyldmo, Per Kristian; Dahl Friesgaard, Kristian; Kongstad, Poul; Kurola, Jouni; Larsen, Robert; Rehn, Marius; Rognås, Leif; Sandberg, Mårten; Vist, Gunn Elisabeth.

In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, Vol. 64, No. 8, 09.2020, p. 1038-1047.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Raatiniemi, L, Magnusson, V, Hyldmo, PK, Dahl Friesgaard, K, Kongstad, P, Kurola, J, Larsen, R, Rehn, M, Rognås, L, Sandberg, M & Vist, GE 2020, 'Femoral nerve blocks for the treatment of acute prehospital pain: a systematic reviewwith meta-analysis', Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 1038-1047. https://doi.org/10.1111/aas.13600

APA

Raatiniemi, L., Magnusson, V., Hyldmo, P. K., Dahl Friesgaard, K., Kongstad, P., Kurola, J., Larsen, R., Rehn, M., Rognås, L., Sandberg, M., & Vist, G. E. (2020). Femoral nerve blocks for the treatment of acute prehospital pain: a systematic reviewwith meta-analysis. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 64(8), 1038-1047. https://doi.org/10.1111/aas.13600

CBE

Raatiniemi L, Magnusson V, Hyldmo PK, Dahl Friesgaard K, Kongstad P, Kurola J, Larsen R, Rehn M, Rognås L, Sandberg M, Vist GE. 2020. Femoral nerve blocks for the treatment of acute prehospital pain: a systematic reviewwith meta-analysis. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 64(8):1038-1047. https://doi.org/10.1111/aas.13600

MLA

Vancouver

Raatiniemi L, Magnusson V, Hyldmo PK, Dahl Friesgaard K, Kongstad P, Kurola J et al. Femoral nerve blocks for the treatment of acute prehospital pain: a systematic reviewwith meta-analysis. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 2020 Sep;64(8):1038-1047. https://doi.org/10.1111/aas.13600

Author

Raatiniemi, Lasse ; Magnusson, Vidar ; Hyldmo, Per Kristian ; Dahl Friesgaard, Kristian ; Kongstad, Poul ; Kurola, Jouni ; Larsen, Robert ; Rehn, Marius ; Rognås, Leif ; Sandberg, Mårten ; Vist, Gunn Elisabeth. / Femoral nerve blocks for the treatment of acute prehospital pain : a systematic reviewwith meta-analysis. In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 2020 ; Vol. 64, No. 8. pp. 1038-1047.

Bibtex

@article{02a3ce18b0c348b4925a55845e850050,
title = "Femoral nerve blocks for the treatment of acute prehospital pain: a systematic reviewwith meta-analysis",
abstract = "Background: Pain management is one of the most important interventions in the emergency medical services. The femoral nerve block (FNB) is, among other things, indicated for pre- and post-operative pain management for patients with femoral fractures but its role in the pre-hospital setting has not been determined. The aim of this review was to assess the effect and safety of the FNB in comparison to other forms of analgesia (or no treatment) for managing acute lower extremity pain in adult patients in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: A systematic review (PROSPERO registration (CRD42018114399)) was conducted. The Cochrane and GRADE methods were used to assess outcomes. Two authors independently reviewed each study for eligibility, extracted the data and performed risk of bias assessments. Results: Four studies with a total of 252 patients were included. Two RCTs (114 patients) showed that FNB may reduce pain more effectively than metamizole (mean difference 32 mm on a 100 mm VAS (95% CI 24 to 40)). One RCT (48 patients) compared the FNB with lidocaine and magnesium sulphate to FNB with lidocaine alone and was only included here for information regarding adverse effects. One case series included 90 patients. Few adverse events were reported in the included studies. The certainty of evidence was very low. We found no studies comparing FNB to inhaled analgesics, opioids or ketamine. Conclusions: Evidence regarding the effectiveness and adverse effects of pre-hospital FNB is limited. Studies comparing pre-hospital FNB to inhaled analgesics, opioids or ketamine are lacking.",
keywords = "ANALGESIA, EMERGENCY-DEPARTMENT, FRACTURES, RELIEF, TRAUMA",
author = "Lasse Raatiniemi and Vidar Magnusson and Hyldmo, {Per Kristian} and {Dahl Friesgaard}, Kristian and Poul Kongstad and Jouni Kurola and Robert Larsen and Marius Rehn and Leif Rogn{\aa}s and M{\aa}rten Sandberg and Vist, {Gunn Elisabeth}",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1111/aas.13600",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "1038--1047",
journal = "Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica",
issn = "0001-5172",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Femoral nerve blocks for the treatment of acute prehospital pain

T2 - a systematic reviewwith meta-analysis

AU - Raatiniemi, Lasse

AU - Magnusson, Vidar

AU - Hyldmo, Per Kristian

AU - Dahl Friesgaard, Kristian

AU - Kongstad, Poul

AU - Kurola, Jouni

AU - Larsen, Robert

AU - Rehn, Marius

AU - Rognås, Leif

AU - Sandberg, Mårten

AU - Vist, Gunn Elisabeth

PY - 2020/9

Y1 - 2020/9

N2 - Background: Pain management is one of the most important interventions in the emergency medical services. The femoral nerve block (FNB) is, among other things, indicated for pre- and post-operative pain management for patients with femoral fractures but its role in the pre-hospital setting has not been determined. The aim of this review was to assess the effect and safety of the FNB in comparison to other forms of analgesia (or no treatment) for managing acute lower extremity pain in adult patients in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: A systematic review (PROSPERO registration (CRD42018114399)) was conducted. The Cochrane and GRADE methods were used to assess outcomes. Two authors independently reviewed each study for eligibility, extracted the data and performed risk of bias assessments. Results: Four studies with a total of 252 patients were included. Two RCTs (114 patients) showed that FNB may reduce pain more effectively than metamizole (mean difference 32 mm on a 100 mm VAS (95% CI 24 to 40)). One RCT (48 patients) compared the FNB with lidocaine and magnesium sulphate to FNB with lidocaine alone and was only included here for information regarding adverse effects. One case series included 90 patients. Few adverse events were reported in the included studies. The certainty of evidence was very low. We found no studies comparing FNB to inhaled analgesics, opioids or ketamine. Conclusions: Evidence regarding the effectiveness and adverse effects of pre-hospital FNB is limited. Studies comparing pre-hospital FNB to inhaled analgesics, opioids or ketamine are lacking.

AB - Background: Pain management is one of the most important interventions in the emergency medical services. The femoral nerve block (FNB) is, among other things, indicated for pre- and post-operative pain management for patients with femoral fractures but its role in the pre-hospital setting has not been determined. The aim of this review was to assess the effect and safety of the FNB in comparison to other forms of analgesia (or no treatment) for managing acute lower extremity pain in adult patients in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: A systematic review (PROSPERO registration (CRD42018114399)) was conducted. The Cochrane and GRADE methods were used to assess outcomes. Two authors independently reviewed each study for eligibility, extracted the data and performed risk of bias assessments. Results: Four studies with a total of 252 patients were included. Two RCTs (114 patients) showed that FNB may reduce pain more effectively than metamizole (mean difference 32 mm on a 100 mm VAS (95% CI 24 to 40)). One RCT (48 patients) compared the FNB with lidocaine and magnesium sulphate to FNB with lidocaine alone and was only included here for information regarding adverse effects. One case series included 90 patients. Few adverse events were reported in the included studies. The certainty of evidence was very low. We found no studies comparing FNB to inhaled analgesics, opioids or ketamine. Conclusions: Evidence regarding the effectiveness and adverse effects of pre-hospital FNB is limited. Studies comparing pre-hospital FNB to inhaled analgesics, opioids or ketamine are lacking.

KW - ANALGESIA

KW - EMERGENCY-DEPARTMENT

KW - FRACTURES

KW - RELIEF

KW - TRAUMA

U2 - 10.1111/aas.13600

DO - 10.1111/aas.13600

M3 - Review

C2 - 32270488

VL - 64

SP - 1038

EP - 1047

JO - Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

JF - Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

SN - 0001-5172

IS - 8

ER -