Utilizing drones in many applications such as video and photography, farms, search and rescue operations, construction industry for mapping and site monitoring has increased. However, their operating time is limited according to the capacity of their batteries. Therefore, many researchers attempt to enhance the operating time of drones. In this study, to the best of the authors' knowledge for the first time, the feasibility assessment of a laser-based wireless power transfer (WPT) mechanism is theoretically investigated on drone applications to increase their operating time. In this method, drones can be charged during operation wirelessly at a considerable distance with acceptable efficiency. The Analytical code is developed in Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software. The acquired results for the main components of the system have a good agreement with published papers of other researchers. In this study, three commercial photovoltaic (PV) materials were evaluated. The results show that an equipped drone with laser-based WPT system is able to approximately receive net power of 73.5, 62.6, and 33.2 W at a 500 m distance by GaAs, CdTe, and c-Si PV materials, respectively, while the laser module consumes around 600 W electrical power. Moreover, since the optical power of the laser is concentrated on PV panel, a two-phase cooling system is suggested for PV panel to reduce the temperature of the under radiate area. Results demonstrate that the temperature of GaAs PV material without a two-phase cooling system is approximately three times more than the temperature of PV panels with a two-phase cooling system at high power transfer rates.
- Drone application
- Laser charging
- Laser-based power transfer
- Wireless power transfer mechanism