FcRn overexpression in human cancer drives albumin recycling and cell growth: a mechanistic basis for exploitation in targeted albumin-drug designs

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Albumin accumulation in tumours could reflect a role of albumin in transport of endogenous nutrient cargos required for cellular growth and not just a suggested source of amino acids; a role driven by albumin engagement with its cognate cellular recycling neonatal Fc receptor. We investigate the hypothesis that albumin cellular recruitment is increased by higher human FcRn (hFcRn) expression in human cancer tissue that provides the mechanistic basis for exploitation in albumin-based drug designs engineered to optimise this process. Eight out of ten different human cancer tissue types screened for hFcRn expression by immunohistochemistry (310 samples) exhibited significantly higher hFcRn expression compared to healthy tissues. Accelerated tumour growth over 28 days in mice inoculated with hFcRn-expressing HT-29 human colorectal cancer cell xenografts, compared to CRISPR/Cas9 hFcRn-knockout HT-29, suggests a hFcRn-mediated tumour growth effect. Direct correlation between hFcRn expression and albumin recycling supports FcRn-mediated diversion of albumin from lysosomal degradation. Two-fold increase in accumulation of fluorescent labelled high-binding hFcRn albumin, compared to wild type albumin, in luciferase MDA-MB-231-Luc-D3H2LN breast cancer xenografts was shown. This work identifies overexpression of hFcRn in several human cancer types with mechanistic data suggesting FcRn-driven albumin recruitment for increased cellular growth that has the potential to be exploited with high FcRn-binding albumin variants for targeted therapies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Volume322
Pages (from-to)53-63
Number of pages11
ISSN0168-3659
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

    Research areas

  • Albumin, Cancer, Neonatal Fc receptor, Protein engineering, Targeted drug delivery

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