Factors Associated with a Delayed Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis in Children Previously Assessed on Suspicion of Autism

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This study aimed to investigate factors associated with a delayed autism spectrum (ASD) diagnosis when compared to children with either no or early ASD diagnosis. Among 893 children assessed for ASD before age 8, 39% had no ASD at baseline, of which 21% received a later ASD diagnosis. Autism symptoms, diagnostic history of other developmental disorders, cognitive ability, and socioeconomic factors were associated with delayed ASD. Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) scores in delayed ASD fell between early and no ASD. Other developmental disorders, time and clinical trends like ADOS use and low parental education distinguished delayed and early ASD, whereas higher frequency of IQ < 70 at baseline and a diagnosis of emotional disorders during follow-up distinguished delayed and no ASD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Number of pages14
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Jan 2021

    Research areas

  • autism spectrum disorder, delayed diagnosis, age at diagnosis, ADOS

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