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External costs of atmospheric Pb emissions: valuation of neurotoxic impacts due to inhalation

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  • Department of Atmospheric Environment
  • Department of Policy Analysis
  • Department of Policy Analysis

The Impact Pathway Approach (IPA) is an innovative methodology to establish links between emissions, related impacts and monetary estimates. Only few attempts have so far been presented regarding emissions of metals; in this study the external costs of airborne lead (Pb) emissions are assessed using the IPA. Exposure to Pb is known to provoke impacts especially on children's cognition. As cognitive abilities (measured as IQ, intelligence quotient) are known to have implications for lifetime income, a pathway can be established leading from figures for Pb emissions to the implied loss in earnings, and on this basis damage costs per unit of Pb emission can be assessed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Health: A Global Access Science Source
Volume9
Pages (from-to)1-9
ISSN1476-069X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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