Extended source analysis of movement related potentials (MRPs) for self-paced hand and foot movements demonstrates opposing cerebral and cerebellar laterality: a preliminary study

Neil P.M. Todd*, Sendhil Govender, Daniel Hochstrasser, Peter E. Keller, James G. Colebatch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The cerebellum is known to have extensive reciprocal connectivity with the cerebral cortex, including with prefrontal and posterior parietal cortex, which play an important role on the planning and execution of voluntary movement. In the present article we report an exploratory non-invasive electrophysiological study of the activity of the cerebellum and cerebrum during voluntary finger and foot movements. In a sample of five healthy adult subjects, we recorded EEG and the electro-cerebellogram (ECeG) with a 10% cerebellar extension montage during voluntary left and right index finger and foot movements. EMG was recorded from finger extensors and flexors and from the tibialis anterior and soleus muscles and was used to generate triggers for movement related averaging (−2000 to +2000 ms). Source analysis was conducted over five epochs defined relative to EMG onset: whole epoch (−1000 to +1000 ms), pre-move 1000 (−1000 to 0 ms), pre-move 500 (−500 to 0 ms), post-move 500 (0 to +500 ms) and post-move 1000 (0 to +1000 ms). This yielded a total of 123 cerebral and 65 cerebellar dipole clusters from across all epochs, including the pre-movement epochs, which were then subject to statistical analysis. These demonstrated predominantly contralateral dominance for the cerebral clusters, but predominantly ipsilateral dominance for the cerebellar clusters. In addition, both cerebral and cerebellar clusters showed evidence of a somatotopic gradient, medially (X-axis) for the cerebral clusters, and medially and dorso-ventrally (Z-axis) for the cerebellar clusters. These findings support the value of recording cerebellar ECeG and demonstrate its potential to contribute to understanding cerebellar function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137476
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume815
ISSN0304-3940
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Cerebellum
  • Movement related potentials
  • Somatotopy
  • Source analysis
  • Voluntary movement

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