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Expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of calmodulin in complex with the regulatory domain of the plasma-membrane Ca2+-ATPase ACA8.

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  • Henning Tidow
  • ,
  • Kim Langmach Hein, Denmark
  • Lone Bækgaard, Transportbiologi, Denmark
  • Michael Palmgren, Transportbiologi, Denmark
  • Poul Nissen
  • Department of Molecular Biology
Plasma-membrane Ca(2+)-ATPases (PMCAs) are calcium pumps that expel Ca(2+) from eukaryotic cells to maintain overall Ca(2+) homoeostasis and to provide local control of intracellular Ca(2+) signalling. They are of major physiological importance, with different isoforms being essential, for example, for presynaptic and postsynaptic Ca(2+) regulation in neurons, feedback signalling in the heart and sperm motility. In the resting state, PMCAs are autoinhibited by binding of their C-terminal (in mammals) or N-terminal (in plants) tail to two major intracellular loops. Activation requires the binding of calcium-bound calmodulin (Ca(2+)-CaM) to this tail and a conformational change that displaces the autoinhibitory tail from the catalytic domain. The complex between calmodulin and the regulatory domain of the plasma-membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase ACA8 from Arabidopsis thaliana has been crystallized. The crystals belonged to space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 176.8, b = 70.0, c = 69.8 A, beta = 113.2 degrees. A complete data set was collected to 3.0 A resolution and structure determination is in progress in order to elucidate the mechanism of PMCA activation by calmodulin.
Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Crystallographica. Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications Online
Volume66
Pages (from-to)361-363
ISSN2053-230X
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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