Expression of the Neural REST/NRSF–SIN3 Transcriptional Corepressor Complex as a Target for Small-Molecule Inhibitors

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  • Sakthidasan Jayaprakash
  • ,
  • Le T.M. Le
  • ,
  • Bjoern Sander
  • Monika M. Golas, Hannover Medical School

The repressor element 1 (RE1) silencing transcription factor/neuron-restrictive silencing factor (REST/NRSF) modulates the expression of genes with RE1/neuron-restrictive silencing element (RE1/NRSE) sites by recruiting the switch independent 3 (SIN3) factor and the REST corepressor (COREST) to its N and C-terminal repressor domain, respectively. Both, SIN3 and COREST assemble into protein complexes that are composed of multiple subunits including a druggable histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzyme. The SIN3 core complex comprises the eponymous proteins SIN3A or SIN3B, the catalytically active proteins HDAC1 or HDAC2, the histone chaperone retinoblastoma-associated protein 46/retinoblastoma-binding protein 7 (RBAP46/RBBP7) or RBAP48/RBBP4, the SIN3-associated protein 30 (SAP30), and the suppressor of defective silencing 3 (SDS3). Here, we overcome a bottleneck limiting the molecular characterization of the REST/NRSF–SIN3 transcriptional corepressor complex. To this end, SIN3 genes were amplified from the complementary DNA of neural stem/progenitor cells, and expressed in a baculovirus/insect cell expression system. We show that the isolates bind to DNA harboring RE1/NRSE sites and demonstrate that the histone deacetylase activity is blocked by small-molecule inhibitors. Thus, our isolates open up for future biomedical research on this critical transcriptional repressor complex and are envisioned as tool for drug testing.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Biotechnology
Volume63
Issue1
Pages (from-to)53-62
Number of pages10
ISSN1073-6085
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

    Research areas

  • HDAC, REST/NRSF, SIN3, Small-molecule inhibitors, Transcriptional repression

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