Expression of NK cell receptor ligands in primary colorectal cancer tissue in relation to the phenotype of circulating NK- and NKT cells, and clinical outcome

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  • Daniëlle Krijgsman, Leiden University
  • ,
  • Jessica Roelands, Leiden University, Research Branch
  • ,
  • Morten N. Andersen
  • Cornelia H.L.A. Wieringa, Leiden University
  • ,
  • Rob A.E.M. Tollenaar, Leiden University
  • ,
  • Wouter Hendrickx, Research Branch
  • ,
  • Davide Bedognetti, Research Branch
  • ,
  • Marianne Hokland
  • Peter J.K. Kuppen, Leiden University

Introduction: Natural killer (NK) cells and natural killer T (NKT) cells are implicated in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). Tumor cells express NK cell receptor ligands that modulate their function. This study aimed to investigate the expression of such ligands in CRC in relation to the phenotype of circulating NK- and NKT cells, and clinical outcome. Methods: Primary tumor tissues were analyzed for protein expression of NK cell ligands using immunohistochemistry with automated image analysis in a cohort of 78 CRC patients. For 24 of the 78 patients, RNA expression of NK cell ligands was analyzed in primary tumor tissue using RNA sequencing. Receptor expression on circulating NK- and NKT cells was previously measured by us in 71 of the 78 patients using flow cytometry. Results: High Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) protein expression in the primary tumor associated with shorter disease-free survival (DFS) of CRC patients (P = 0.026). A trend was observed towards shorter DFS in CRC patients with above-median galectin-3 protein expression in the primary tumor (P = 0.055). High protein expression of galectin-3, CD1d, and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I, and high RNA expression of UL16-binding protein (ULBP)-1, -2, and -5, and HLA-E in the tumor tissue correlated with low expression of the corresponding receptors on circulating NK- or NKT cells (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Galectin-3 and PCNA expression in the primary tumor may be prognostic biomarkers in CRC patients. Furthermore, our results suggest that NK cell receptor ligands expressed by tumor cells may modulate the phenotype of circulating NK- and NKT cells, and facilitate immune escape of metastasizing cells.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular immunology
Volume128
Pages (from-to)205-218
ISSN0161-5890
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

    Research areas

  • Colorectal cancer, NK cell receptor ligands, NK cell receptors, NK cells, NKT cells

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