Exposure to Genocide as a Risk Factor for Homicide Perpetration in Rwanda: A Population-Based Case–Control Study

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Exposure to Genocide as a Risk Factor for Homicide Perpetration in Rwanda : A Population-Based Case–Control Study. / Rubanzana, Wilson; Hedt-Gauthier, Bethany L.; Ntaganira, Joseph; Freeman, Michael D.

In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 33, No. 12, 01.06.2018, p. 1855-1870.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Rubanzana, W, Hedt-Gauthier, BL, Ntaganira, J & Freeman, MD 2018, 'Exposure to Genocide as a Risk Factor for Homicide Perpetration in Rwanda: A Population-Based Case–Control Study', Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 1855-1870. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515619749

APA

Rubanzana, W., Hedt-Gauthier, B. L., Ntaganira, J., & Freeman, M. D. (2018). Exposure to Genocide as a Risk Factor for Homicide Perpetration in Rwanda: A Population-Based Case–Control Study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(12), 1855-1870. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515619749

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MLA

Vancouver

Author

Rubanzana, Wilson ; Hedt-Gauthier, Bethany L. ; Ntaganira, Joseph ; Freeman, Michael D. / Exposure to Genocide as a Risk Factor for Homicide Perpetration in Rwanda : A Population-Based Case–Control Study. In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2018 ; Vol. 33, No. 12. pp. 1855-1870.

Bibtex

@article{6efba2e57d1b42a080e1dd5b1b2acb78,
title = "Exposure to Genocide as a Risk Factor for Homicide Perpetration in Rwanda: A Population-Based Case–Control Study",
abstract = "A population-based case-control study was conducted to assess the relationship between genocide exposure and homicide perpetration in Rwanda. A sample of 150 homicide perpetrators who were charged with and confessed to having committed homicide between 1 May 2011 and 31 May 2013 and 450 controls were enrolled. Cases were matched to controls by neighborhood, age and sex. Socio-demographic, background and genocide-related information was collected from study subjects{\textquoteright} next of kin. Four characteristics of genocide exposure were: genocide survivor, genocide perpetrator, having lost a first-degree relative to genocide and having a first-degree relative convicted of genocide. We assessed the impact of each genocide-exposure variable using conditional logistic regression. Of the 150 cases, 124 (82.7%) were male and 26 (17.3%) were female. The mean age of the alleged homicide perpetrators was 33 years, with a peak in the age group 20-29 years (39.3%). After adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and past common criminal records, having a first-degree relative who had been convicted of genocide crimes was a significant predictor for homicide perpetration (odds ratio [OR] = 14.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.6-129.4). Being a genocide perpetrator, a genocide survivor and having lost a first-degree family member to genocide were not identified as risk factors for homicide perpetration. In Rwanda, young people who experienced early exposure to trauma by witnessing their first-degree relatives{\textquoteright} active participation in the genocide, are more likely to commit homicide. Socio-economic and psychotherapeutic programs targeting this population group are needed to rehabilitate these young people for violent behavior change.",
keywords = "homicide perpetration, manslaughter, murder, risk factors",
author = "Wilson Rubanzana and Hedt-Gauthier, {Bethany L.} and Joseph Ntaganira and Freeman, {Michael D.}",
year = "2018",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0886260515619749",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "1855--1870",
journal = "Journal of Interpersonal Violence",
issn = "0886-2605",
publisher = "Sage Publications, Inc.",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exposure to Genocide as a Risk Factor for Homicide Perpetration in Rwanda

T2 - A Population-Based Case–Control Study

AU - Rubanzana, Wilson

AU - Hedt-Gauthier, Bethany L.

AU - Ntaganira, Joseph

AU - Freeman, Michael D.

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - A population-based case-control study was conducted to assess the relationship between genocide exposure and homicide perpetration in Rwanda. A sample of 150 homicide perpetrators who were charged with and confessed to having committed homicide between 1 May 2011 and 31 May 2013 and 450 controls were enrolled. Cases were matched to controls by neighborhood, age and sex. Socio-demographic, background and genocide-related information was collected from study subjects’ next of kin. Four characteristics of genocide exposure were: genocide survivor, genocide perpetrator, having lost a first-degree relative to genocide and having a first-degree relative convicted of genocide. We assessed the impact of each genocide-exposure variable using conditional logistic regression. Of the 150 cases, 124 (82.7%) were male and 26 (17.3%) were female. The mean age of the alleged homicide perpetrators was 33 years, with a peak in the age group 20-29 years (39.3%). After adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and past common criminal records, having a first-degree relative who had been convicted of genocide crimes was a significant predictor for homicide perpetration (odds ratio [OR] = 14.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.6-129.4). Being a genocide perpetrator, a genocide survivor and having lost a first-degree family member to genocide were not identified as risk factors for homicide perpetration. In Rwanda, young people who experienced early exposure to trauma by witnessing their first-degree relatives’ active participation in the genocide, are more likely to commit homicide. Socio-economic and psychotherapeutic programs targeting this population group are needed to rehabilitate these young people for violent behavior change.

AB - A population-based case-control study was conducted to assess the relationship between genocide exposure and homicide perpetration in Rwanda. A sample of 150 homicide perpetrators who were charged with and confessed to having committed homicide between 1 May 2011 and 31 May 2013 and 450 controls were enrolled. Cases were matched to controls by neighborhood, age and sex. Socio-demographic, background and genocide-related information was collected from study subjects’ next of kin. Four characteristics of genocide exposure were: genocide survivor, genocide perpetrator, having lost a first-degree relative to genocide and having a first-degree relative convicted of genocide. We assessed the impact of each genocide-exposure variable using conditional logistic regression. Of the 150 cases, 124 (82.7%) were male and 26 (17.3%) were female. The mean age of the alleged homicide perpetrators was 33 years, with a peak in the age group 20-29 years (39.3%). After adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and past common criminal records, having a first-degree relative who had been convicted of genocide crimes was a significant predictor for homicide perpetration (odds ratio [OR] = 14.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.6-129.4). Being a genocide perpetrator, a genocide survivor and having lost a first-degree family member to genocide were not identified as risk factors for homicide perpetration. In Rwanda, young people who experienced early exposure to trauma by witnessing their first-degree relatives’ active participation in the genocide, are more likely to commit homicide. Socio-economic and psychotherapeutic programs targeting this population group are needed to rehabilitate these young people for violent behavior change.

KW - homicide perpetration

KW - manslaughter

KW - murder

KW - risk factors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047206048&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0886260515619749

DO - 10.1177/0886260515619749

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26681788

AN - SCOPUS:85047206048

VL - 33

SP - 1855

EP - 1870

JO - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

JF - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

SN - 0886-2605

IS - 12

ER -