Exploring longitudinal qualitative research method using adapted scoping review method: Lessons learnt while conducting research on research

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  • Åsa Audulv, Department of Nursing, Umeå University, SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden, Sweden
  • Elisabeth O C Hall, Faculty of Natural and Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, University of the Faroe Islands, Tórshavn
  • ,
  • Mette Spliid Ludvigsen
  • Thomas Westergren, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Norway
  • Åsa Kneck, The Dep of Health Care Sciences, Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Mona Kyndi Pedersen, Centre for Clinical Research, North Denmark Regional Hospital, Hjørring, Denmark, Denmark
  • Hanne Aagaard
  • Kristianna Lund Dam, Faculty of Natural and Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, University of the Faroe Islands, Tórshavn, Faroe Islands
  • Liv Fegran, Department of Health and Nursing Science, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway. Electronic address: Liv.fegran@uia.no.
Background: Qualitative longitudinal research (QLR) is increasingly used within nursing science, mainly because nursing topics often are fluent and concern changing processes. To describe the variation and possibilities with QLR
within the health sciences we conducted a method study.
Objective: This presentation will describe lessons learned during our method study project.
Method: There is little guidance in doing method studies, our study was inspired by Mbuagbaw et al., (2020) ‘A tutorial on methodological studies’ and scoping review method. Systematic searches were conducted in CINAHL and PubMed, and we identified articles through a blinded screening process. Data extraction was performed according to a protocol by two independent reviewers. Extracted data was mapped thematically and presented together with descriptive statistics.
Results: A large sample of studies was needed to describe both commonalities and diversities in how research method was used, we included 299 original articles. Testing and developing the extraction protocol was done in steps with several tests of the inter-rater review reliability.
Conclusions: Method studies are important to understand the use and opportunities of emerging research methods. Scoping review method contributed with a structured approach to ensure transparency and avoid
introduction of bias in mapping QLR methods. While Mbuagbaw (2020) provided insights into the specific assumptions of method studies. A research team was valuable for screening and data extraction of a large material, however structured management of data was required, as well as inter-reviewer testing, and regular team updates.
Finally, qualitative longitudinal research is a promising research approach with common methodological assumptions regarding the scope of study and methods for data collection. There are interesting and diverse opportunities to use QLR for different kinds of research questions within nursing.
Original languageEnglish
Publication year2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventNordic Conference in Nursing Research - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 4 Oct 20216 Oct 2021


ConferenceNordic Conference in Nursing Research

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