Exploring, exploiting and evolving diversity of aquatic ecosystem models: a community perspective

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  • Annette B. G. Janssen, Wageningen Univ, Wageningen University & Research Center, Dept Aquat Ecol & Water Qual Management
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  • George B. Arhonditsis, Univ Toronto, University of Toronto, Ecol Modelling Lab, Dept Phys & Environm Sci
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  • Arthur Beusen, PBL Netherlands Environm Assessment Agcy, Denmark
  • Karsten Bolding
  • Louise Bruce, Univ Western Australia, University of Western Australia, Sch Earth & Environm, Aquat Ecodynam Grp, Denmark
  • Jorn Bruggeman, Plymouth Marine Lab, NERC National Oceanography Centre, NERC Natural Environment Research Council
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  • Raoul-Marie Couture, Univ Waterloo, University of Waterloo, Ecohydrol Grp, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Denmark
  • Andrea S. Downing, Stockholm Univ, Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Ctr
  • ,
  • J. Alex Elliott, Lancaster Environm Ctr, Lancaster University, NERC Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, NERC Natural Environment Research Council, Ctr Ecol & Hydrol
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  • Marieke A. Frassl, Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Helmholtz Association, UFZ Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research, UFZ, Dept Lake Res, Denmark
  • Gideon Gal, IOLR, Kinneret Limnol Lab
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  • Daan J. Gerla, Royal Netherlands Inst Sea Res NIOZ Yerseke, Dept Ecosyst Studies
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  • Matthew R. Hipsey, Univ Western Australia, University of Western Australia, Sch Earth & Environm, Aquat Ecodynam Grp
  • ,
  • Fenjuan Hu
  • Stephen C. Ives, Univ Edinburgh, University of Edinburgh, Sch Geosci
  • ,
  • Jan H. Janse, PBL Netherlands Environm Assessment Agcy
  • ,
  • Erik Jeppesen
  • Klaus D. Joehnk, CSIRO Land & Water Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Denmark
  • David Kneis, Tech Univ Dresden, Dresden University of Technology, Fac Environm Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Denmark
  • Xiangzhen Kong, Peking Univ, Peking University, MOE Lab Earth Surface Proc, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Denmark
  • Jan J. Kuiper, Wageningen Univ, Wageningen University & Research Center, Dept Aquat Ecol & Water Qual Management
  • ,
  • Moritz K. Lehmann, Univ Waikato, University of Waikato, Environm Res Inst, Sch Sci & Engn, Denmark
  • Carsten Lemmen, Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Centre for Materials & Coastal Research HZG, Helmholtz Association, Inst Coastal Res, Denmark
  • Deniz Oezkundakci, Leibniz Inst Freshwater Ecol & Inland Fisheries, Dept Ecosyst Res
  • ,
  • Thomas Petzoldt, Tech Univ Dresden, Dresden University of Technology, Fac Environm Sci, Inst Hydrobiol
  • ,
  • Karsten Rinke, Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Helmholtz Association, UFZ Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research, UFZ, Dept Lake Res
  • ,
  • Barbara J. Robson, CSIRO Land & Water Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Denmark
  • Rene Sachse, Univ Potsdam, University of Potsdam, Inst Earth & Environm Sci, Denmark
  • Sebastiaan A. Schep, Witteveen Bos
  • ,
  • Martin Schmid, Eawag Swiss Fed Inst Aquat Sci & Technol, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science & Technology (EAWAG), Surface Waters Res & Management, Denmark
  • Huub Scholten, Wageningen Univ, Wageningen University & Research Center, Informat Technol Grp
  • ,
  • Sven Teurlincx, Netherlands Inst Ecol, Dept Aquat Ecol
  • ,
  • Dennis Trolle
  • Tineke A. Troost, Deltares, Unit Marine & Coastal Syst, Denmark
  • Anne A. Van Dam, UNESCO IHE Inst Water Educ, Dept Water Sci & Engn
  • ,
  • Luuk P. A. Van Gerven, Wageningen Univ, Wageningen University & Research Center, Dept Aquat Ecol & Water Qual Management
  • ,
  • Mariska Weijerman, Univ Hawaii Manoa, University of Hawaii Manoa, University of Hawaii System, Joint Inst Marine & Atmospher Res, Denmark
  • Scott A. Wells, Portland State Univ, Oregon University System, Portland State University, Dept Civil & Environm Engn
  • ,
  • Wolf M. Mooij, Wageningen Univ, Wageningen University & Research Center, Dept Aquat Ecol & Water Qual Management

Here, we present a community perspective on how to explore, exploit and evolve the diversity in aquatic ecosystem models. These models play an important role in understanding the functioning of aquatic ecosystems, filling in observation gaps and developing effective strategies for water quality management. In this spirit, numerous models have been developed since the 1970s. We set off to explore model diversity by making an inventory among 42 aquatic ecosystem modellers, by categorizing the resulting set of models and by analysing them for diversity. We then focus on how to exploit model diversity by comparing and combining different aspects of existing models. Finally, we discuss how model diversity came about in the past and could evolve in the future. Throughout our study, we use analogies from biodiversity research to analyse and interpret model diversity. We recommend to make models publicly available through open-source policies, to standardize documentation and technical implementation of models, and to compare models through ensemble modelling and interdisciplinary approaches. We end with our perspective on how the field of aquatic ecosystem modelling might develop in the next 5-10 years. To strive for clarity and to improve readability for non-modellers, we include a glossary.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAquatic Ecology
Volume49
Issue4
Pages (from-to)513-548
Number of pages36
ISSN1386-2588
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

    Research areas

  • Water quality, Ecology, Geochemistry, Hydrology, Hydraulics, Hydrodynamics, Physical environment, Socio-economics, Model availability, Standardization, Linking, SURFACE-WATER QUALITY, SWAN RIVER ESTUARY, SIMULATION-MODEL, SHALLOW LAKES, BIOGEOCHEMICAL MODEL, DYNAMIC-MODEL, PART 1, PHYTOPLANKTON RESPONSES, DIFFERENTIAL-EQUATIONS, NEOLITHIC TRANSITION

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