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Experimental X-ray Electron Density Study of Atomic Charges, Oxidation States, and Inverted Ligand Field in Cu(CF3)4 -

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The electron density distribution of the complex monoanion Cu(CF3)4 in (Bu4N)[Cu(CF3)4] has been studied by high-resolution X-ray single-crystal diffraction and augmented with theoretical calculations. The study finds that the central copper bears an atomic charge of close to +1, while the occupancy of its dx2-y2 orbital is only 1.26. Using topological analysis combined with theoretical calculations, the depopulation of dx2-y2 is shown to be due to significant covalency in the Cu-C bonds. The combination of the monovalent picture and the covalency is interpreted as a confirmation of an inverted ligand field.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Pages (from-to)2133-2139
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2019

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