Expanding the frontiers of cool-dwarf asteroseismology with ESPRESSO: Detection of solar-like oscillations in the K5 dwarf Iμ Indi

T. L. Campante*, H. Kjeldsen, Y. Li, M. N. Lund, A. M. Silva, E. Corsaro, J. Gomes Da Silva, J. H.C. Martins, V. Adibekyan, T. Azevedo Silva, T. R. Bedding, D. Bossini, D. L. Buzasi, W. J. Chaplin, R. R. Costa, M. S. Cunha, E. Cristo, J. P. Faria, R. A. García, D. HuberM. S. Lundkvist, T. S. Metcalfe, M. J.P.F.G. Monteiro, A. W. Neitzel, M. B. Nielsen, E. Poretti, N. C. Santos, S. G. Sousa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperComment/debate/letter to the editorResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Fuelled by space photometry, asteroseismology is vastly benefitting the study of cool main-sequence stars, which exhibit convection-driven solar-like oscillations. Even so, the tiny oscillation amplitudes in K dwarfs continue to pose a challenge to space-based asteroseismology. A viable alternative is offered by the lower stellar noise over the oscillation timescales in Doppler observations. In this Letter we present the definite detection of solar-like oscillations in the bright K5 dwarf Iμ Indi based on time-intensive observations collected with the ESPRESSO spectrograph at the VLT, thus making it the coolest seismic dwarf ever observed. We measured the frequencies of a total of 19 modes of degree = 02 along with νmax = 5305 ± 176 μHz and I ν = 201.25 ± 0.16 μHz. The peak amplitude of radial modes is 2.6 ± 0.5 cm s1, or a mere 14% of the solar value. Measured mode amplitudes are 2 times lower than predicted from a nominal L/M scaling relation and favour a scaling closer to (L/M)1.5 below 5500 K, carrying important implications for our understanding of the coupling efficiency between pulsations and near-surface convection in K dwarfs. This detection conclusively shows that precise asteroseismology of cool dwarfs is possible down to at least the mid-K regime using next-generation spectrographs on large-aperture telescopes, effectively opening up a new domain in observational asteroseismology.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL16
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume683
ISSN0004-6361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Asteroseismology
  • Stars: individual: Iμ Indi A
  • Stars: late-type
  • Stars: oscillations
  • Techniques: radial velocities

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