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Examining Open Innovation in Science (OIS): What Open Innovation can and cannot offer the science of science

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  • Susanne Beck, Copenhagen Business School, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute
  • ,
  • Marcel LaFlamme, Public Library of Science, Denmark
  • Carsten Bergenholtz
  • Marcel Bogers, University of California at Berkeley
  • ,
  • Tiare-Maria Brasseur, Copenhagen Business School, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute
  • ,
  • Marie Louise Conradsen
  • Kevin Crowston, Syracuse University, United States
  • Diletta Di Marco , Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy
  • Agnes Effert, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute, Austria
  • Despoina Filiou, Open University Milton Keynes, United Kingdom
  • Lars Frederiksen
  • Thomas Gillier, Grenoble Ecole de Management, France
  • Marc Gruber, Laboratory of Integrative and Systems Physiology, School of Life Sciences, École Polytechnique Fédérale, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • ,
  • Carolin Haeussler, University of Passau, Germany
  • Karin Hoisl, Copenhagen Business School, University of Mannheim
  • ,
  • Olga Kokshagina, EDHEC Business School, Australia
  • Maria-Theresa Norn
  • Marion Pötz, Copenhagen Business School, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute
  • ,
  • Gernot Pruschak, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Austria
  • Laia Pujol Priego, University of Navarra, Spain
  • Agnieszka Radziwon
  • Alexander Ruser, University of Agder
  • ,
  • Henry Sauermann, ESMT European School of Management and Technology, Germany
  • Sonali Shah , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States
  • Julia Suess-Reyes, Copenhagen Business School, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute, Denmark
  • Christopher L. Tucci, Imperial College London
  • ,
  • Philipp Tuertscher, VU University Amsterdam
  • ,
  • Jane Bjørn Vedel, Copenhagen Business School
  • ,
  • Roberto Verganti, Stockholm School of Economics
  • ,
  • Jonathan Wareham, ESADE Business School
  • ,
  • Sunny Mosangzi Xu, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Scholars across disciplines increasingly hear calls for more open and
collaborative approaches to scientific research. The concept of Open
Innovation in Science (OIS) provides a framework that integrates
dispersed research efforts aiming to understand the antecedents,
contingencies, and consequences of applying open and collaborative
research practices. While the OIS framework has already been taken up
by science of science scholars, its conceptual underpinnings require
further specification. In this essay, we critically examine the OIS concept
and bring to light two key aspects: 1) how OIS builds upon Open
Innovation (OI) research by adopting its attention to boundary-crossing
knowledge flows and by adapting other concepts developed and
researched in OI to the science context as exemplified by two OIS cases
in the area of research funding; 2) how OIS conceptualises knowledge
flows across boundaries. While OI typically focuses on well-defined
organizational boundaries, we argue that blurry and even invisible
boundaries between communities of practice may more strongly
constrain flows of knowledge related to openness and collaboration in
science. Given the uptake of this concept, this essay brings needed
clarity to the meaning of OIS, which has no particular normative
orientation toward a close coupling between science and industry. We
end by outlining the essay’s contributions to OI and the science of
science, as well as to science practitioners.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInnovation: Organization and Management
Pages (from-to)221-235
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2023

    Research areas

  • Open Innovation, Open Innovation in Science, boundaries, boundary crossing, knowledge flows, open science, science of science, scientific research

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