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Evolution and regulation of the Lotus japonicus LysM receptor gene family

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  • Bioinformatics Research Centre (BiRC)
  • Department of Molecular Biology
LysM receptor kinases were identified as receptors of acylated chitin (Nod factors) or chitin produced by plant-interacting microbes. Here, we present the identification and characterization of the LysM receptor kinase gene (Lys) family (17 members) in Lotus japonicus. Comprehensive phylogenetic analysis revealed a correlation between Lys gene structure and phylogeny. Further mapping coupled with sequence-based anchoring on the genome showed that the family has probably expanded by a combination of tandem and segmental duplication events. Using a sliding-window approach, we identified distinct regions in the LysM and kinase domains of recently diverged Lys genes where positive selection may have shaped ligand interaction. Interestingly, in the case of NFR5 and its closest paralog, LYS11, one of these regions coincides with the predicted Nod-factor binding groove and the suggested specificity determining area of the second LysM domain. One hypothesis for the evolutionary diversification of this receptor family in legumes is their unique capacity to decipher various structures of chitin-derived molecules produced by an extended spectrum of interacting organisms: symbiotic, associative, endophytic, and parasitic. In a detailed expression analysis, we found several Lotus Lys genes regulated not only during the symbiotic association with Mesorhizobium loti but also in response to chitin treatment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Plant - Microbe Interactions
Pages (from-to)510-21
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Research areas

  • Base Sequence, Chromosome Mapping, Chromosomes, Plant, Evolution, Molecular, Lotus, Molecular Sequence Data, Multigene Family, Phylogeny, Plant Proteins, Sequence Alignment

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