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Evidence for a Caregiving Instinct: Rapid Differentiation of Infant from Adult Vocalizations Using Magnetoencephalography

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Evidence for a Caregiving Instinct : Rapid Differentiation of Infant from Adult Vocalizations Using Magnetoencephalography. / Young, Katherine S; Parsons, Christine E; Jegindoe Elmholdt, Else-Marie; Woolrich, Mark W; van Hartevelt, Tim J; Stevner, Angus B A; Stein, Alan; Kringelbach, Morten L.

In: Cerebral Cortex, Vol. 26, No. 3, 03.2016, p. 1309-21.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Author

Young, Katherine S ; Parsons, Christine E ; Jegindoe Elmholdt, Else-Marie ; Woolrich, Mark W ; van Hartevelt, Tim J ; Stevner, Angus B A ; Stein, Alan ; Kringelbach, Morten L. / Evidence for a Caregiving Instinct : Rapid Differentiation of Infant from Adult Vocalizations Using Magnetoencephalography. In: Cerebral Cortex. 2016 ; Vol. 26, No. 3. pp. 1309-21.

Bibtex

@article{62af49588cd744b6b6d430470891c7df,
title = "Evidence for a Caregiving Instinct: Rapid Differentiation of Infant from Adult Vocalizations Using Magnetoencephalography",
abstract = "Crying is the most salient vocal signal of distress. The cries of a newborn infant alert adult listeners and often elicit caregiving behavior. For the parent, rapid responding to an infant in distress is an adaptive behavior, functioning to ensure offspring survival. The ability to react rapidly requires quick recognition and evaluation of stimuli followed by a co-ordinated motor response. Previous neuroimaging research has demonstrated early specialized activity in response to infant faces. Using magnetoencephalography, we found similarly early (100-200 ms) differences in neural responses to infant and adult cry vocalizations in auditory, emotional, and motor cortical brain regions. We propose that this early differential activity may help to rapidly identify infant cries and engage affective and motor neural circuitry to promote adaptive behavioral responding, before conscious awareness. These differences were observed in adults who were not parents, perhaps indicative of a universal brain-based {"}caregiving instinct.{"}",
keywords = "Acoustic Stimulation, Adult, Auditory Perception, Awareness, Brain, Caregivers, Crying, Evoked Potentials, Female, Humans, Infant, Magnetoencephalography, Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Pattern Recognition, Physiological, Time, Young Adult, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't",
author = "Young, {Katherine S} and Parsons, {Christine E} and {Jegindoe Elmholdt}, Else-Marie and Woolrich, {Mark W} and {van Hartevelt}, {Tim J} and Stevner, {Angus B A} and Alan Stein and Kringelbach, {Morten L}",
note = "{\textcopyright} The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press.",
year = "2016",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1093/cercor/bhv306",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "1309--21",
journal = "Cerebral Cortex",
issn = "1047-3211",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence for a Caregiving Instinct

T2 - Rapid Differentiation of Infant from Adult Vocalizations Using Magnetoencephalography

AU - Young, Katherine S

AU - Parsons, Christine E

AU - Jegindoe Elmholdt, Else-Marie

AU - Woolrich, Mark W

AU - van Hartevelt, Tim J

AU - Stevner, Angus B A

AU - Stein, Alan

AU - Kringelbach, Morten L

N1 - © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press.

PY - 2016/3

Y1 - 2016/3

N2 - Crying is the most salient vocal signal of distress. The cries of a newborn infant alert adult listeners and often elicit caregiving behavior. For the parent, rapid responding to an infant in distress is an adaptive behavior, functioning to ensure offspring survival. The ability to react rapidly requires quick recognition and evaluation of stimuli followed by a co-ordinated motor response. Previous neuroimaging research has demonstrated early specialized activity in response to infant faces. Using magnetoencephalography, we found similarly early (100-200 ms) differences in neural responses to infant and adult cry vocalizations in auditory, emotional, and motor cortical brain regions. We propose that this early differential activity may help to rapidly identify infant cries and engage affective and motor neural circuitry to promote adaptive behavioral responding, before conscious awareness. These differences were observed in adults who were not parents, perhaps indicative of a universal brain-based "caregiving instinct."

AB - Crying is the most salient vocal signal of distress. The cries of a newborn infant alert adult listeners and often elicit caregiving behavior. For the parent, rapid responding to an infant in distress is an adaptive behavior, functioning to ensure offspring survival. The ability to react rapidly requires quick recognition and evaluation of stimuli followed by a co-ordinated motor response. Previous neuroimaging research has demonstrated early specialized activity in response to infant faces. Using magnetoencephalography, we found similarly early (100-200 ms) differences in neural responses to infant and adult cry vocalizations in auditory, emotional, and motor cortical brain regions. We propose that this early differential activity may help to rapidly identify infant cries and engage affective and motor neural circuitry to promote adaptive behavioral responding, before conscious awareness. These differences were observed in adults who were not parents, perhaps indicative of a universal brain-based "caregiving instinct."

KW - Acoustic Stimulation

KW - Adult

KW - Auditory Perception

KW - Awareness

KW - Brain

KW - Caregivers

KW - Crying

KW - Evoked Potentials

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Infant

KW - Magnetoencephalography

KW - Male

KW - Neuropsychological Tests

KW - Pattern Recognition, Physiological

KW - Time

KW - Young Adult

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

U2 - 10.1093/cercor/bhv306

DO - 10.1093/cercor/bhv306

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26656998

VL - 26

SP - 1309

EP - 1321

JO - Cerebral Cortex

JF - Cerebral Cortex

SN - 1047-3211

IS - 3

ER -