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Etiology of Colitis-Complex Diarrhea in Growing Pigs: A Review

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Etiology of Colitis-Complex Diarrhea in Growing Pigs : A Review. / M. Panah, Farhad; Lauridsen, Charlotte; Hojberg, Ole; Nielsen, Tina Skau.

In: Animals, Vol. 11, No. 7, 2151, 07.2021.

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@article{648da801fc4a4f8996fa4ccf61134121,
title = "Etiology of Colitis-Complex Diarrhea in Growing Pigs: A Review",
abstract = "Colitis-complex diarrhea (CCD) in pigs can be defined as a type of diarrhea, which is associated with colonic inflammation and disrupted colonic gut barrier functionality in growing pigs (4–16 weeks post-weaning). It is a challenge for the pig industry as it is associated with the high use of antibiotics, reduced animal welfare, and depressed growth rate. The exact etiology of CCD is still unclear; however, pathogens including Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae, B. pilosicoli, and swine whipworms such as Trichuris (T.) suis have been involved in specific colitis (SC). In the absence of specific pathogens, dietary factors, such as high levels of protein, pelleted feedstuffs, and lack of sufficient antioxidants, can result in non-specific colitis (NSC). On the other hand, supplement of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and polyphenols, sufficient supply of essential amino acids (e.g., threonine, cysteine, and proline), short-chain fatty acids (SCFA; especially butyrate), and resistant starch have shown to confer preventing/ameliorating effects on CCD. Different putative biomarkers associated with CCD have been presented. It is anticipated that a comprehensive picture of the possible causes of CCD and potential dietary interventions could cast light on the direction of future studies aimed at developing preventive and curative strategies against CCD in growing pigs.",
keywords = "colonic inflammation, adult pigs, biomarkers, dietary strategies, specific colitis, non-specific colitis",
author = "{M. Panah}, Farhad and Charlotte Lauridsen and Ole Hojberg and Nielsen, {Tina Skau}",
year = "2021",
month = jul,
doi = "10.3390/ani11072151",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Animals",
issn = "2076-2615",
publisher = "MDPI",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Etiology of Colitis-Complex Diarrhea in Growing Pigs

T2 - A Review

AU - M. Panah, Farhad

AU - Lauridsen, Charlotte

AU - Hojberg, Ole

AU - Nielsen, Tina Skau

PY - 2021/7

Y1 - 2021/7

N2 - Colitis-complex diarrhea (CCD) in pigs can be defined as a type of diarrhea, which is associated with colonic inflammation and disrupted colonic gut barrier functionality in growing pigs (4–16 weeks post-weaning). It is a challenge for the pig industry as it is associated with the high use of antibiotics, reduced animal welfare, and depressed growth rate. The exact etiology of CCD is still unclear; however, pathogens including Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae, B. pilosicoli, and swine whipworms such as Trichuris (T.) suis have been involved in specific colitis (SC). In the absence of specific pathogens, dietary factors, such as high levels of protein, pelleted feedstuffs, and lack of sufficient antioxidants, can result in non-specific colitis (NSC). On the other hand, supplement of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and polyphenols, sufficient supply of essential amino acids (e.g., threonine, cysteine, and proline), short-chain fatty acids (SCFA; especially butyrate), and resistant starch have shown to confer preventing/ameliorating effects on CCD. Different putative biomarkers associated with CCD have been presented. It is anticipated that a comprehensive picture of the possible causes of CCD and potential dietary interventions could cast light on the direction of future studies aimed at developing preventive and curative strategies against CCD in growing pigs.

AB - Colitis-complex diarrhea (CCD) in pigs can be defined as a type of diarrhea, which is associated with colonic inflammation and disrupted colonic gut barrier functionality in growing pigs (4–16 weeks post-weaning). It is a challenge for the pig industry as it is associated with the high use of antibiotics, reduced animal welfare, and depressed growth rate. The exact etiology of CCD is still unclear; however, pathogens including Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae, B. pilosicoli, and swine whipworms such as Trichuris (T.) suis have been involved in specific colitis (SC). In the absence of specific pathogens, dietary factors, such as high levels of protein, pelleted feedstuffs, and lack of sufficient antioxidants, can result in non-specific colitis (NSC). On the other hand, supplement of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and polyphenols, sufficient supply of essential amino acids (e.g., threonine, cysteine, and proline), short-chain fatty acids (SCFA; especially butyrate), and resistant starch have shown to confer preventing/ameliorating effects on CCD. Different putative biomarkers associated with CCD have been presented. It is anticipated that a comprehensive picture of the possible causes of CCD and potential dietary interventions could cast light on the direction of future studies aimed at developing preventive and curative strategies against CCD in growing pigs.

KW - colonic inflammation

KW - adult pigs

KW - biomarkers

KW - dietary strategies

KW - specific colitis

KW - non-specific colitis

U2 - 10.3390/ani11072151

DO - 10.3390/ani11072151

M3 - Review

C2 - 34359279

VL - 11

JO - Animals

JF - Animals

SN - 2076-2615

IS - 7

M1 - 2151

ER -