Establishing a fingerprinting method for fast catheter identification in HDR brachytherapy in vivo dosimetry

Daline Tho*, Cédric Bélanger, Erik B. Jørgensen, Jérémie Tanguay, Haydee M.L. Rosales, Sam Beddar, Jacob G. Johansen, Gustavo Kertzscher, Marie Claude Lavallée, Luc Beaulieu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review


PURPOSE: To use quantities measurable during in vivo dosimetry to build unique channel identifiers, that enable detection of brachytherapy errors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Treatment plan of 360 patients with prostate cancer who underwent high-dose-rate brachytherapy (range, 16–25 catheters; mean, 17) were used. A single point virtual dosimeter was placed at multiple positions within the treatment geometry, and the source-dosimeter distance and dwell time were determined for each dwell position in each catheter. These values were compared across all catheters, dwell position by dwell position, simulating a treatment delivery. A catheter was considered uniquely identified if, for a given dwell position, no other catheters had the same measured values. The minimum number of dwell positions needed to identify a specific catheter and the optimal dosimeter location uniquely were determined. The radial (r) and vertical (z) dimensions of the source-dosimeter distance were also examined for their utility in discriminating catheters. RESULTS: Using a virtual dosimeter with no uncertainties, all catheters were identified in 359 of the 360 cases with 9 dwell position measurements. When only the dwell time were measured, all catheters were uniquely identified after 1 dwell position. With a 2-mm spatial accuracy (r,z), all catheters were identified in 94% of the plans. Simultaneous measurement of source-dosimeter distance and dwell time ensured full catheter identification in all plans ranging from 2 to 6 dwell positions. The number of dwell positions needed to uniquely identify all catheters was lower when the distance from the implant center was higher. CONCLUSIONS: The most efficient fingerprinting approach involved combining source-dosimeter distance (i.e., source tracking) and dwell time. The further the dosimeter is placed from the center of the implant the better it can uniquely identify catheters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-172
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024


  • Brachytherapy
  • Dwell-time
  • In vivo dosimetry
  • Interstitial catheter
  • Source tracking


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