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Environmental behavior of and gastropod biomarker response to trace metals from a backwater area of Xian'nv lake

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  • Yong Ji, Nanchang University
  • ,
  • Jie Zhang
  • Ye Liu, Nanchang University
  • ,
  • Juan Zhou, Nanchang University
  • ,
  • Naichen Wu
  • ,
  • Hao Zhang, Kochi University

Combined with sediment pollutant analysis, the gastropod Cipangopaludina cahayensis was chosen as an indicator organism to evaluate the environmental behavior of trace metals and the aquatic ecological risk that they present in a backwater area of Xian'nv Lake. Based on hydrological characteristics, 24 sampling sites representing the main stream (MS), tributaries (TR), lake area (LA) and lake tributaries (LT) were collected. The results revealed that cadmium (Cd) was the main pollutant and that it significantly accumulated in sediments of the research area. Based on the pollutant concentrations, the degree of Cd pollution was ranked in the following order: LA > MS > TR > LT. Several intersections between the rivers and Xian'nv Lake, including LA1, LA7 and LA 10, were observed to have higher Cd deposition. There was a significant difference in the spatial distribution of pollutants, which resulted in a higher accumulation of trace metals in the backwater area and its tributary. The Cd content in the visceral sac of C. cahayensis was positively correlated with the concentration of heavy metals in the sediment. The response of multiple antioxidant biomarkers, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione S-transferase (GST), as well as the glutathione (GSH) content and the level of by-products of lipid peroxidation (TBARS), in C. cahayensis revealed a potential relationship to the environmental behavior of the pollutants. By combining the different biomarkers responses, the integrated biomarker response index (IBR) corresponded well with the pollution distribution characteristics in different areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110381
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Biomarker response, Cipangopaludina cahayensis, Environmental behavior, Hydrodynamic interaction, Xian'nv lake

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