Entire Mitral Valve Reconstruction Using Porcine Extracellular Matrix: Adding a Ring Annuloplasty

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Abstract

PURPOSE: This study investigated the implications of inserting a flexible annuloplasty ring after reconstructing the entire mitral valve in a porcine model using a previously investigated tube graft design made of 2-ply small intestinal submucosa extracellular matrix (CorMatrix®).

METHODS: An acute model with eight 80-kg pigs, each acting as its own control, was used. The entire mitral valve was reconstructed with a 2-ply small intestinal submucosa extracellular matrix tube graft (CorMatrix®). Subsequently, a Simulus® flexible ring was inserted. The characterization was based on mitral annular geometry and valvular dynamics with sonomicrometry and echocardiography.

RESULTS: After adding the ring annuloplasty, the in-plane annular dynamics were more constant throughout the cardiac cycle compared to the reconstruction alone. However, the commissure-commissure distance was statistically significantly decreased [35.0 ± 3.4 mm vs. 27.4 ± 1.9 mm, P < 0.001, diff =  - 7.6 mm, 95% CI, - 9.8 to (-5.4) mm] after ring insertion, changing the physiological annular D-shape into a circular shape which created folds at the coaptation zone resulting in a central regurgitant jet on color Doppler.

CONCLUSION: We successfully reconstructed the entire mitral valve using 2-ply small intestinal submucosal extracellular matrix (CorMatrix®) combined with a flexible annuloplasty. The annuloplasty reduced the unphysiological systolic widening previously found with this reconstructive technique. However, the Simulus flex ring changed the physiological annular D-shape into a circular shape and hindered a correct unfolding of the leaflets. Thus, we do not recommend a flexible ring in conjunction with this reconstructive technique; further investigations are needed to discover a more suitable remodelling annuloplasty.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCardiovascular Engineering and Technology
ISSN1869-408X
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Mar 2024

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