Enhancing the nutritional value of cold-pressed oilseed cakes through extrusion cooking

Natalia P. Vidal, Laura Roman, V. J.Shiva Swaraj, K. V. Ragavan, Senay Simsek, Jamshid Rahimi, Benjamin Kroetsch, Mario M. Martinez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The most abundant oilseed cakes, soybean, rapeseed/canola, and sunflower, and especially those from cold-pressing, contain meaningful amounts of antinutritional polyphenols that limit their potential as plant protein sources. The objective of this study was to remove polyphenols, and especially sinapic and chrologenic acid derivatives in canola and sunflower, respectively, using pilot-scale extrusion, and without compromising the nutritional and the technological quality of the protein fraction. Extrusion significantly increased the ratio of soluble to insoluble dietary fiber from 0.45 to 0.58 in canola and from 0.19 to 0.31 in sunflower, whereas the opposite was found in soybean (0.52 to 0.36). Canola (67.7 mg GAE/g) and sunflower (58.9 mg GAE/g) exhibited large quantities of polyphenols, which mostly consisted of sinapic and chlorogenic acid derivatives, respectively. Extrusion increased the proportion of free polyphenols and did not significantly reduce the amount of sinapic acid derivatives in canola. On the contrary, extrusion decreased the content of free polyphenols in sunflower by 68%. Generally, the extrusion conditions shown in this study resulted in limited protein denaturation and aggregation and a moderate decrease in β-sheet structures (up to 59%), which led to similar liquid holding capacity and enhanced protein solubility. Extrusion notably increased the gastric protein hydrolysis of soybean cake, but it negligibly affected that of canola and sunflower counterparts, possibly due to the counteracting effect of indigestible quinone-protein adducts. Extrusion is a promising technology to reduce polyphenols meaningfully in certain oilseed cakes while retaining or improving protein quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102956
JournalInnovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • Antinutritional factors
  • Canola
  • Cold-pressing
  • Plant proteins
  • Polyphenols
  • Soybean
  • Sunflower


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