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Energy cost reduction by shifting electricity demand in indoor vertical farms with artificial lighting

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Energy cost reduction by shifting electricity demand in indoor vertical farms with artificial lighting. / Avgoustaki, Dafni Despoina; Xydis, George.

In: Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 211, 11.2021, p. 219-229.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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@article{f6a771d1ce9047728da0594d8fb2aade,
title = "Energy cost reduction by shifting electricity demand in indoor vertical farms with artificial lighting",
abstract = "The article focuses on the energy demand optimisation of indoor vertical farms (IVFs) with artificial lighting using load shifting. The solution in agriculture of IVFs attracts interest; however, operating them without a plan is costly and inefficient. In this research, it was experimentally proven that by electricity load shifting on IVFs, it can result in a 16–26% reduction of artificial lighting costs for all months throughout the year, by simply selecting the times of the day that the required darkness will be provided to the plants (in this experiment, basil). Therefore, one could understand that mass deployment of IVFs within cities could minimise the operational costs, decrease CO2 emissions – since for a large number of leafy products the production will take place in cities - and increase the number of agriculture-based jobs offered in the urban environment. Cash flow analysis of various scenarios revealed that possible investors in indoor vertical farms, in most of the cases, have a full payback period of their investment amount in less than 9 years, while in the majority of the cases the repayment period is as low as 2 years.",
keywords = "Artificial lighting, Load shifting, Vertical farms",
author = "Avgoustaki, {Dafni Despoina} and George Xydis",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 The Author(s)",
year = "2021",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2021.09.006",
language = "English",
volume = "211",
pages = "219--229",
journal = "Biosystems Engineering",
issn = "1537-5110",
publisher = "Academic Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy cost reduction by shifting electricity demand in indoor vertical farms with artificial lighting

AU - Avgoustaki, Dafni Despoina

AU - Xydis, George

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s)

PY - 2021/11

Y1 - 2021/11

N2 - The article focuses on the energy demand optimisation of indoor vertical farms (IVFs) with artificial lighting using load shifting. The solution in agriculture of IVFs attracts interest; however, operating them without a plan is costly and inefficient. In this research, it was experimentally proven that by electricity load shifting on IVFs, it can result in a 16–26% reduction of artificial lighting costs for all months throughout the year, by simply selecting the times of the day that the required darkness will be provided to the plants (in this experiment, basil). Therefore, one could understand that mass deployment of IVFs within cities could minimise the operational costs, decrease CO2 emissions – since for a large number of leafy products the production will take place in cities - and increase the number of agriculture-based jobs offered in the urban environment. Cash flow analysis of various scenarios revealed that possible investors in indoor vertical farms, in most of the cases, have a full payback period of their investment amount in less than 9 years, while in the majority of the cases the repayment period is as low as 2 years.

AB - The article focuses on the energy demand optimisation of indoor vertical farms (IVFs) with artificial lighting using load shifting. The solution in agriculture of IVFs attracts interest; however, operating them without a plan is costly and inefficient. In this research, it was experimentally proven that by electricity load shifting on IVFs, it can result in a 16–26% reduction of artificial lighting costs for all months throughout the year, by simply selecting the times of the day that the required darkness will be provided to the plants (in this experiment, basil). Therefore, one could understand that mass deployment of IVFs within cities could minimise the operational costs, decrease CO2 emissions – since for a large number of leafy products the production will take place in cities - and increase the number of agriculture-based jobs offered in the urban environment. Cash flow analysis of various scenarios revealed that possible investors in indoor vertical farms, in most of the cases, have a full payback period of their investment amount in less than 9 years, while in the majority of the cases the repayment period is as low as 2 years.

KW - Artificial lighting

KW - Load shifting

KW - Vertical farms

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85115888089&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2021.09.006

DO - 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2021.09.006

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85115888089

VL - 211

SP - 219

EP - 229

JO - Biosystems Engineering

JF - Biosystems Engineering

SN - 1537-5110

ER -