Employers’ and applicants’ fairness perceptions in job interviews: Using a teleoperated robot as a fair proxy

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Abstract

This research examines the perceived fairness of two types of job interviews: robot-mediated and face-to-face interviews. The robot-mediated interview tests the concept of a fair proxy in the shape of a teleoperated social robot. In Study 1, a mini-public (n=53) revealed four factors that influence fairness perceptions of the robot-mediated interview and showed how HR professionals’ perception of fair personnel selection is influenced by moral pragmatism despite clear moral awareness of discriminative biases in interviews. In Study 2, an experimental survey (n=242) conducted at an unemployment center showed that the respondents perceived the robot-mediated interview as fairer than the face-to-face interview. Overall, the studies suggest that HR professionals and jobseekers exhibit diverging fairness perceptions and that the business case for the robot-mediated interview undermines its social case (i.e., reducing discrimination). The paper concludes by addressing key implications and avenues for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Article number121641
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Volume179
ISSN0040-1625
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • fair proxy
  • fairness perceptions
  • job interview
  • moral pragmatism
  • morality
  • robot-mediated interview

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