Employees exposed to work-related threats and violence in human services sectors: Are any employees members particularly exposed to violence and threats and what role do supervisors play?

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Employees exposed to work-related threats and violence in human services sectors : Are any employees members particularly exposed to violence and threats and what role do supervisors play? / Andersen, Lars Peter Snderbo; Hogh, Annie; Gadegaard, Charlotte; Biering, Karin.

In: Work, Vol. 63, No. 1, 05.2019, p. 99-111.

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@article{c50f2d8619be44aea0e126c6a45e6a17,
title = "Employees exposed to work-related threats and violence in human services sectors: Are any employees members particularly exposed to violence and threats and what role do supervisors play?",
abstract = "The frequency of being exposed to work-related violence and threats is high in employees working in the human service sector. The question is whether certain employees are particularly exposed to violence and threats than others. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether particular employees were especially exposed to work-related violence and threats due to personal characteristics, coping styles, attitudes or participating in violence prevention training. We also examined the role played by supervisors. METHODS: Questionnaire data were collected in 2010 and 2011. In all, 3584 employees from special schools, psychiatric wards, eldercare and the Prison and Probation Service participated. We used multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: We found persons high on the extroversion and introversion scales were associated with statistical significant increased risk forwork-related threats. Furthermore, accepting attitudes concerningwork-related violence were also statistical significant associated with increased the risk for both work-related threats and violence. Associations between coping styles and work-related threats and violence were very small and statistically non-significant and we found no effect of violence prevention training. The risk for work-related threats for persons high on the extroversion scale was decreased if supervisor violence prevention behaviour was high. Furthermore, if supervisor prevention behaviour was high, prevention training decreased the risk for work-related violence. However, these associations weren't statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The results stress that effective prevention requires involvement of both employees and supervisors.",
keywords = "Accepting attitudes, coping, personality, prevention training",
author = "Andersen, {Lars Peter Snderbo} and Annie Hogh and Charlotte Gadegaard and Karin Biering",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
doi = "10.3233/WOR-192911",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "99--111",
journal = "Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation",
issn = "1051-9815",
publisher = "IOS Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Employees exposed to work-related threats and violence in human services sectors

T2 - Are any employees members particularly exposed to violence and threats and what role do supervisors play?

AU - Andersen, Lars Peter Snderbo

AU - Hogh, Annie

AU - Gadegaard, Charlotte

AU - Biering, Karin

PY - 2019/5

Y1 - 2019/5

N2 - The frequency of being exposed to work-related violence and threats is high in employees working in the human service sector. The question is whether certain employees are particularly exposed to violence and threats than others. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether particular employees were especially exposed to work-related violence and threats due to personal characteristics, coping styles, attitudes or participating in violence prevention training. We also examined the role played by supervisors. METHODS: Questionnaire data were collected in 2010 and 2011. In all, 3584 employees from special schools, psychiatric wards, eldercare and the Prison and Probation Service participated. We used multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: We found persons high on the extroversion and introversion scales were associated with statistical significant increased risk forwork-related threats. Furthermore, accepting attitudes concerningwork-related violence were also statistical significant associated with increased the risk for both work-related threats and violence. Associations between coping styles and work-related threats and violence were very small and statistically non-significant and we found no effect of violence prevention training. The risk for work-related threats for persons high on the extroversion scale was decreased if supervisor violence prevention behaviour was high. Furthermore, if supervisor prevention behaviour was high, prevention training decreased the risk for work-related violence. However, these associations weren't statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The results stress that effective prevention requires involvement of both employees and supervisors.

AB - The frequency of being exposed to work-related violence and threats is high in employees working in the human service sector. The question is whether certain employees are particularly exposed to violence and threats than others. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether particular employees were especially exposed to work-related violence and threats due to personal characteristics, coping styles, attitudes or participating in violence prevention training. We also examined the role played by supervisors. METHODS: Questionnaire data were collected in 2010 and 2011. In all, 3584 employees from special schools, psychiatric wards, eldercare and the Prison and Probation Service participated. We used multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: We found persons high on the extroversion and introversion scales were associated with statistical significant increased risk forwork-related threats. Furthermore, accepting attitudes concerningwork-related violence were also statistical significant associated with increased the risk for both work-related threats and violence. Associations between coping styles and work-related threats and violence were very small and statistically non-significant and we found no effect of violence prevention training. The risk for work-related threats for persons high on the extroversion scale was decreased if supervisor violence prevention behaviour was high. Furthermore, if supervisor prevention behaviour was high, prevention training decreased the risk for work-related violence. However, these associations weren't statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The results stress that effective prevention requires involvement of both employees and supervisors.

KW - Accepting attitudes

KW - coping

KW - personality

KW - prevention training

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066319380&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3233/WOR-192911

DO - 10.3233/WOR-192911

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31127748

AN - SCOPUS:85066319380

VL - 63

SP - 99

EP - 111

JO - Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation

JF - Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation

SN - 1051-9815

IS - 1

ER -