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Efficient Set Membership Proofs using MPC-in-the-Head

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  • Aarushi Goel, Johns Hopkins University, United States
  • Matthew Green, Johns Hopkins University, United States
  • Mathias Nørup Hall-Andersen
  • Gabriel Kaptchuk, Boston University, United States
Set membership proofs are an invaluable part of privacy preserving systems. These proofs allow a prover to demonstrate knowledge of a witness corresponding to a secret element x of a public set, such that they jointly satisfy a given NP relation, i.e. R(w, x) = 1 and is a member of a public set {x1, ..., xl}. This allows the identity of the prover to remain hidden, eg. ring signatures and confidential transactions in cryptocurrencies.

In this work, we develop a new technique for efficiently adding logarithmic-sized set membership proofs to any MPC-in-the-head based zero-knowledge protocol (Ishai et al. [STOC'07]). We integrate our technique into an open source implementation of the state-of-the-art, post quantum secure zero-knowledge protocol of Katz et al. [CCS'18]. We find that using our techniques to construct ring signatures results in signatures (based only on symmetric key primitives) that are between 5 and 10 times smaller than state-of-the-art techniques based on the same assumptions. We also show that our techniques can be used to efficiently construct post-quantum secure RingCT from only symmetric key primitives.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies
Pages (from-to)304-324
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event22nd Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium (PETS 2022) - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 11 Jul 202215 Jul 2022


Conference22nd Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium (PETS 2022)

    Research areas

  • zero-knowledge, MPC, cryptography, set-memberships

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