Effects of toasting and decortication of oat on nutrient digestibility in the rumen and small intestine and on amino acid supply in dairy cows

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This study examined the potential for decorticating and toasting of oat (Avena sativa) to supply crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA) in dairy cows. Four lactating Danish Holstein Friesian cows fitted with ruminal, duodenal, and ileal cannulas were assigned to a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Cows were fed experimental diets ad libitum based on grass-clover silage and toasted fava beans, with oat included in different forms arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial: whole oat, decorticated oat, toasted oat, and decorticated toasted oat. In situ rumen degradability of processed oat was also evaluated. Decortication increased starch intake by 0.38 kg/d and reduced NDF intake by 0.91 kg/d. Toasting reduced ruminal AA digestibility and increased duodenal flow of CP by 0.41 kg/d. In situ degradation rate and effective degradability of CP in the rumen were reduced by 0.46 h−1 and 310 g/kg CP due to toasting. Both decortication and toasting increased microbial synthesis of CP by 0.20 and 0.41 kg/d, respectively. Decortication and toasting did not affect small intestinal AA digestibility, but did increase the total digested amount of AA by 154 and 250 g/d, respectively. Milk production was not affected by treatments. Methane production (L/d) decreased with decortication and toasting. In conclusion, unless an interaction exists between decortication and toasting, the results indicate additive effects of toasting and decorticating oat for increasing the supply of digestible AA to the small intestine of dairy cows.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Pages (from-to)1484-1499
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Dehulling, Toasting, Oat, Amino acid, CH4 emission, Microbial synthesis

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