Effects of changes in position, positive end-expiratory pressure and mean arterial pressure on renal, portal and hepatic Doppler ultrasound perfusion indices: a randomized crossover study in cardiac surgery patients

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Effects of changes in position, positive end-expiratory pressure and mean arterial pressure on renal, portal and hepatic Doppler ultrasound perfusion indices : a randomized crossover study in cardiac surgery patients. / Hermansen, Johan L; Nørskov, Jesper; Juhl-Olsen, Peter.

In: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing, 01.03.2022.

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@article{597697d1d3f3414cbe175cc2131351e5,
title = "Effects of changes in position, positive end-expiratory pressure and mean arterial pressure on renal, portal and hepatic Doppler ultrasound perfusion indices: a randomized crossover study in cardiac surgery patients",
abstract = "Point-of-care ultrasound perfusion indices can be used for detection of AKI and venous congestion. Patients in the postoperative- and intensive care units are frequently exposed to alternating treatment and loading conditions. We aimed to study the effects of changes in preload (patient positioning), positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and afterload (phenylephrine) on renal, portal and hepatic ultrasound indices. We hypothesized that renal resistive index was not influenced by changes in PEEP and patient positioning. This was a single-site, randomized, crossover study. Patients above 18 years scheduled for elective open-heart surgery at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, were available for inclusion. Patients were randomized to a sequence of six combinations of PEEP and position in addition to an increase in mean arterial pressure by phenylephrine. Thirty-one patients participated in the study. Resistive index was influenced by positional change (P = 0.007), but not by change in PEEP (P = 0.50) (Table 1). Renal venous stasis index and portal pulsatility fraction increased in the raised legs position (P ≤ 0.019), but not with increases in PEEP. Renal venous flow pattern and hepatic venous flow pattern were affected by position (P ≤ 0.019), but not by PEEP. None of the ultrasound indices were significantly changed by infusion of phenylephrine. Doppler perfusion indices were significantly affected by changes in preload, but not by changes in PEEP or afterload. Although the changes in the Doppler ultrasound indices were significant, they were small in absolute numbers. Therefore, from a clinical perspective, the ultrasound indices were robust.Trial registration Registered at clinicaltrials.com, first posted online June 5th 2020, identifier: NCT04419662.",
keywords = "Acute kidney injury, Cardiovascular function, Doppler ultrasound, Perioperative management, Renal perfusion, Venous congestion",
author = "Hermansen, {Johan L} and Jesper N{\o}rskov and Peter Juhl-Olsen",
year = "2022",
month = mar,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10877-022-00834-0",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing",
issn = "1387-1307",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of changes in position, positive end-expiratory pressure and mean arterial pressure on renal, portal and hepatic Doppler ultrasound perfusion indices

T2 - a randomized crossover study in cardiac surgery patients

AU - Hermansen, Johan L

AU - Nørskov, Jesper

AU - Juhl-Olsen, Peter

PY - 2022/3/1

Y1 - 2022/3/1

N2 - Point-of-care ultrasound perfusion indices can be used for detection of AKI and venous congestion. Patients in the postoperative- and intensive care units are frequently exposed to alternating treatment and loading conditions. We aimed to study the effects of changes in preload (patient positioning), positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and afterload (phenylephrine) on renal, portal and hepatic ultrasound indices. We hypothesized that renal resistive index was not influenced by changes in PEEP and patient positioning. This was a single-site, randomized, crossover study. Patients above 18 years scheduled for elective open-heart surgery at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, were available for inclusion. Patients were randomized to a sequence of six combinations of PEEP and position in addition to an increase in mean arterial pressure by phenylephrine. Thirty-one patients participated in the study. Resistive index was influenced by positional change (P = 0.007), but not by change in PEEP (P = 0.50) (Table 1). Renal venous stasis index and portal pulsatility fraction increased in the raised legs position (P ≤ 0.019), but not with increases in PEEP. Renal venous flow pattern and hepatic venous flow pattern were affected by position (P ≤ 0.019), but not by PEEP. None of the ultrasound indices were significantly changed by infusion of phenylephrine. Doppler perfusion indices were significantly affected by changes in preload, but not by changes in PEEP or afterload. Although the changes in the Doppler ultrasound indices were significant, they were small in absolute numbers. Therefore, from a clinical perspective, the ultrasound indices were robust.Trial registration Registered at clinicaltrials.com, first posted online June 5th 2020, identifier: NCT04419662.

AB - Point-of-care ultrasound perfusion indices can be used for detection of AKI and venous congestion. Patients in the postoperative- and intensive care units are frequently exposed to alternating treatment and loading conditions. We aimed to study the effects of changes in preload (patient positioning), positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and afterload (phenylephrine) on renal, portal and hepatic ultrasound indices. We hypothesized that renal resistive index was not influenced by changes in PEEP and patient positioning. This was a single-site, randomized, crossover study. Patients above 18 years scheduled for elective open-heart surgery at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, were available for inclusion. Patients were randomized to a sequence of six combinations of PEEP and position in addition to an increase in mean arterial pressure by phenylephrine. Thirty-one patients participated in the study. Resistive index was influenced by positional change (P = 0.007), but not by change in PEEP (P = 0.50) (Table 1). Renal venous stasis index and portal pulsatility fraction increased in the raised legs position (P ≤ 0.019), but not with increases in PEEP. Renal venous flow pattern and hepatic venous flow pattern were affected by position (P ≤ 0.019), but not by PEEP. None of the ultrasound indices were significantly changed by infusion of phenylephrine. Doppler perfusion indices were significantly affected by changes in preload, but not by changes in PEEP or afterload. Although the changes in the Doppler ultrasound indices were significant, they were small in absolute numbers. Therefore, from a clinical perspective, the ultrasound indices were robust.Trial registration Registered at clinicaltrials.com, first posted online June 5th 2020, identifier: NCT04419662.

KW - Acute kidney injury

KW - Cardiovascular function

KW - Doppler ultrasound

KW - Perioperative management

KW - Renal perfusion

KW - Venous congestion

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85125408176&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10877-022-00834-0

DO - 10.1007/s10877-022-00834-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35230558

JO - Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing

JF - Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing

SN - 1387-1307

ER -