Effects of changes in position, positive end-expiratory pressure and mean arterial pressure on renal, portal and hepatic Doppler ultrasound perfusion indices: a randomized crossover study in cardiac surgery patients

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Point-of-care ultrasound perfusion indices can be used for detection of AKI and venous congestion. Patients in the postoperative- and intensive care units are frequently exposed to alternating treatment and loading conditions. We aimed to study the effects of changes in preload (patient positioning), positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and afterload (phenylephrine) on renal, portal and hepatic ultrasound indices. We hypothesized that renal resistive index was not influenced by changes in PEEP and patient positioning. This was a single-site, randomized, crossover study. Patients above 18 years scheduled for elective open-heart surgery at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, were available for inclusion. Patients were randomized to a sequence of six combinations of PEEP and position in addition to an increase in mean arterial pressure by phenylephrine. Thirty-one patients participated in the study. Resistive index was influenced by positional change (P = 0.007), but not by change in PEEP (P = 0.50) (Table 1). Renal venous stasis index and portal pulsatility fraction increased in the raised legs position (P ≤ 0.019), but not with increases in PEEP. Renal venous flow pattern and hepatic venous flow pattern were affected by position (P ≤ 0.019), but not by PEEP. None of the ultrasound indices were significantly changed by infusion of phenylephrine. Doppler perfusion indices were significantly affected by changes in preload, but not by changes in PEEP or afterload. Although the changes in the Doppler ultrasound indices were significant, they were small in absolute numbers. Therefore, from a clinical perspective, the ultrasound indices were robust.Trial registration Registered at clinicaltrials.com, first posted online June 5th 2020, identifier: NCT04419662.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Number of pages10
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Mar 2022

    Research areas

  • Acute kidney injury, Cardiovascular function, Doppler ultrasound, Perioperative management, Renal perfusion, Venous congestion

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