Effectiveness of mind–body intervention for inflammatory conditions: Results from a 26-week randomized, non-blinded, parallel-group trial

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  • Thao Thi Nguyen, University of Copenhagen
  • ,
  • Christian G. Jensen, University of Copenhagen
  • ,
  • Lina Khoury, University of Copenhagen
  • ,
  • Bent Deleuran
  • Esther S. Blom, University of Copenhagen
  • ,
  • Thomas Breinholt, TV 2 DANMARK A/S
  • ,
  • Robin Christensen, University of Copenhagen, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Lone Skov, University of Copenhagen

Biopsychosocial intervention has been suggested as a complementary treatment strategy for patients with chronic conditions. We compared the effect of a mind–body intervention (MBI), relative to treatment-as-usual (TAU) on WHO-5 Well-being Index during an intensive period of 12 weeks and follow-up at week 26 among patients with either psoriasis (PsO) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The MBI was based on the ‘Relaxation Response Resiliency Program’ and the ‘Open and Calm Program’, as well as ‘Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction’ (MBSR). The trial was randomized, management-as-usual, and controlled. Statistical analyses were based on the intention-to-treat population using repeated measures and mixed effects models (NCT03888261). We screened 39 potential participants, 35 of which (PsO, n = 20; RA, n = 15) met the eligibility criteria and were randomized: 17 in the MBI group and 18 in the TAU group. Attrition from the intervention program was 19%, with 65% of MBI patients and 71% of TAU patients completing the outcome assessments. After 12 weeks, a statistically significant difference in WHO-5 was observed between the groups (p = 0.019). However, according to the protocol, during the entire trial period, the average (least squares mean values) WHO-5 score was higher although not statistically significant in the MBI group (65.3) compared with the TAU group (59.1), corresponding to a between-group difference over 26 weeks of 6.15 (95% CI: −0.26 to 12.56; p = 0.060). All things considered, adding biopsychosocial intervention to clinical practice to patients with conditions, such as PsO and RA, could potentially improve health-related quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3107
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Research areas

  • Biopsychosocial, Health-related quality of life, Mind–body intervention, Psoriasis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Treatment-as-usual

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