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Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics

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Standard

Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics. / Sørensen, Charlotte S; Kjaergaard, Magnus.

In: PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America), Vol. 116, No. 46, 11.2019, p. 23124-23131.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Sørensen, CS & Kjaergaard, M 2019, 'Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics', PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America), vol. 116, no. 46, pp. 23124-23131. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1904813116

APA

Sørensen, C. S., & Kjaergaard, M. (2019). Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America), 116(46), 23124-23131. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1904813116

CBE

Sørensen CS, Kjaergaard M. 2019. Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America). 116(46):23124-23131. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1904813116

MLA

Sørensen, Charlotte S and Magnus Kjaergaard. "Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics". PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America). 2019, 116(46). 23124-23131. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1904813116

Vancouver

Sørensen CS, Kjaergaard M. Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America). 2019 Nov;116(46):23124-23131. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1904813116

Author

Sørensen, Charlotte S ; Kjaergaard, Magnus. / Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics. In: PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America). 2019 ; Vol. 116, No. 46. pp. 23124-23131.

Bibtex

@article{a5ae3509c42b4a49bfa1535b0ca7f008,
title = "Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics",
abstract = "Many multidomain proteins contain disordered linkers that regulate interdomain contacts, and thus the effective concentrations that govern intramolecular reactions. Effective concentrations are rarely measured experimentally, and therefore little is known about how they relate to linker architecture. We have directly measured the effective concentrations enforced by disordered protein linkers using a fluorescent biosensor. We show that effective concentrations follow simple geometric models based on polymer physics, offering an indirect method to probe the structural properties of the linker. The compaction of the disordered linker depends not only on net charge, but also on the type of charged residues. In contrast to theoretical predictions, we found that polyampholyte linkers can contract to similar dimensions as globular proteins. Hydrophobicity has little effect in itself, but aromatic residues lead to strong compaction, likely through π-interactions. Finally, we find that the individual contributors to chain compaction are not additive. We thus demonstrate that direct measurement of effective concentrations can be used in systematic studies of the relationship between sequence and structure of intrinsically disordered proteins. A quantitative understanding of the relationship between effective concentration and linker sequence will be crucial for understanding disorder-based allosteric regulation in multidomain proteins.",
author = "S{\o}rensen, {Charlotte S} and Magnus Kjaergaard",
year = "2019",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1904813116",
language = "English",
volume = "116",
pages = "23124--23131",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
number = "46",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effective concentrations enforced by intrinsically disordered linkers are governed by polymer physics

AU - Sørensen, Charlotte S

AU - Kjaergaard, Magnus

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - Many multidomain proteins contain disordered linkers that regulate interdomain contacts, and thus the effective concentrations that govern intramolecular reactions. Effective concentrations are rarely measured experimentally, and therefore little is known about how they relate to linker architecture. We have directly measured the effective concentrations enforced by disordered protein linkers using a fluorescent biosensor. We show that effective concentrations follow simple geometric models based on polymer physics, offering an indirect method to probe the structural properties of the linker. The compaction of the disordered linker depends not only on net charge, but also on the type of charged residues. In contrast to theoretical predictions, we found that polyampholyte linkers can contract to similar dimensions as globular proteins. Hydrophobicity has little effect in itself, but aromatic residues lead to strong compaction, likely through π-interactions. Finally, we find that the individual contributors to chain compaction are not additive. We thus demonstrate that direct measurement of effective concentrations can be used in systematic studies of the relationship between sequence and structure of intrinsically disordered proteins. A quantitative understanding of the relationship between effective concentration and linker sequence will be crucial for understanding disorder-based allosteric regulation in multidomain proteins.

AB - Many multidomain proteins contain disordered linkers that regulate interdomain contacts, and thus the effective concentrations that govern intramolecular reactions. Effective concentrations are rarely measured experimentally, and therefore little is known about how they relate to linker architecture. We have directly measured the effective concentrations enforced by disordered protein linkers using a fluorescent biosensor. We show that effective concentrations follow simple geometric models based on polymer physics, offering an indirect method to probe the structural properties of the linker. The compaction of the disordered linker depends not only on net charge, but also on the type of charged residues. In contrast to theoretical predictions, we found that polyampholyte linkers can contract to similar dimensions as globular proteins. Hydrophobicity has little effect in itself, but aromatic residues lead to strong compaction, likely through π-interactions. Finally, we find that the individual contributors to chain compaction are not additive. We thus demonstrate that direct measurement of effective concentrations can be used in systematic studies of the relationship between sequence and structure of intrinsically disordered proteins. A quantitative understanding of the relationship between effective concentration and linker sequence will be crucial for understanding disorder-based allosteric regulation in multidomain proteins.

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1904813116

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1904813116

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31659043

VL - 116

SP - 23124

EP - 23131

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 46

ER -