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Effect of Water–Solid Mixing Sequence and Crystallization Water of Calcium Sulphate on the Hydration of C3 A

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Tricalcium aluminate (Ca3 Al2 O6: C3 A) is the most reactive clinker phase in Portland cement. In this study, the effect of the sequence of mixing of C3 A with gypsum and water on the hydration kinetics and phase assemblage is investigated. Three mixing sequences were employed: (i) Turbula mixing of C3 A first with gypsum and then with water (T-mix); (ii) Hand mixing of C3 A with gypsum before mixing with water (H-mix); (iii) Pre-mixing gypsum with water and then with C3 A (P-mix). The results suggest that there is a considerable difference in the hydration kinetics and hydrate phase assemblage, particularly during the initial stages of hydration. P-mix promotes a higher degree of hydration in the initial minutes and considerably influences the main peak in the calorimetry curve of C3 A hydration. Effects of calcium sulphate with different amounts of crystallisation water (anhydrite, hemihydrate and gypsum) on C3 A hydration are also investigated, and it is found that the water of crystallisation does not have a significant impact on the kinetics of reaction or the formed hydrate phase assemblage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2297
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Research areas

  • gypsum, hydration, kinetics, Portland cement

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