Department of Economics and Business Economics

Effect of Sodium Benzoate vs Placebo Among Individuals With Early Psychosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Effect of Sodium Benzoate vs Placebo Among Individuals With Early Psychosis : A Randomized Clinical Trial. / Scott, James G.; Baker, Andrea; Lim, Carmen C.W.; Foley, Sharon; Dark, Frances; Gordon, Anne; Ward, David; Richardson, Drew; Bruxner, George; Beckmann, K. Martin; Hatherill, Sean; Stathis, Stephen; Dixon, Krystal; Ryan, Alexander E.; McWhinney, Brett C.; Ungerer, Jacobus P.J.; Berk, Michael; Dean, Olivia M.; Saha, Sukanta; McGrath, John.

In: JAMA network open, Vol. 3, No. 11, 11.2020, p. e2024335.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Scott, JG, Baker, A, Lim, CCW, Foley, S, Dark, F, Gordon, A, Ward, D, Richardson, D, Bruxner, G, Beckmann, KM, Hatherill, S, Stathis, S, Dixon, K, Ryan, AE, McWhinney, BC, Ungerer, JPJ, Berk, M, Dean, OM, Saha, S & McGrath, J 2020, 'Effect of Sodium Benzoate vs Placebo Among Individuals With Early Psychosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial', JAMA network open, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. e2024335. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24335

APA

Scott, J. G., Baker, A., Lim, C. C. W., Foley, S., Dark, F., Gordon, A., Ward, D., Richardson, D., Bruxner, G., Beckmann, K. M., Hatherill, S., Stathis, S., Dixon, K., Ryan, A. E., McWhinney, B. C., Ungerer, J. P. J., Berk, M., Dean, O. M., Saha, S., & McGrath, J. (2020). Effect of Sodium Benzoate vs Placebo Among Individuals With Early Psychosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA network open, 3(11), e2024335. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24335

CBE

Scott JG, Baker A, Lim CCW, Foley S, Dark F, Gordon A, Ward D, Richardson D, Bruxner G, Beckmann KM, Hatherill S, Stathis S, Dixon K, Ryan AE, McWhinney BC, Ungerer JPJ, Berk M, Dean OM, Saha S, McGrath J. 2020. Effect of Sodium Benzoate vs Placebo Among Individuals With Early Psychosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA network open. 3(11):e2024335. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24335

MLA

Vancouver

Scott JG, Baker A, Lim CCW, Foley S, Dark F, Gordon A et al. Effect of Sodium Benzoate vs Placebo Among Individuals With Early Psychosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA network open. 2020 Nov;3(11):e2024335. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24335

Author

Scott, James G. ; Baker, Andrea ; Lim, Carmen C.W. ; Foley, Sharon ; Dark, Frances ; Gordon, Anne ; Ward, David ; Richardson, Drew ; Bruxner, George ; Beckmann, K. Martin ; Hatherill, Sean ; Stathis, Stephen ; Dixon, Krystal ; Ryan, Alexander E. ; McWhinney, Brett C. ; Ungerer, Jacobus P.J. ; Berk, Michael ; Dean, Olivia M. ; Saha, Sukanta ; McGrath, John. / Effect of Sodium Benzoate vs Placebo Among Individuals With Early Psychosis : A Randomized Clinical Trial. In: JAMA network open. 2020 ; Vol. 3, No. 11. pp. e2024335.

Bibtex

@article{68e4624c92984d4b94cf3272723c8011,
title = "Effect of Sodium Benzoate vs Placebo Among Individuals With Early Psychosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial",
abstract = "Importance: There is evidence that sodium benzoate (BZ) may be an effective adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia. The clinical efficacy of BZ has been investigated in chronic schizophrenia; however, the efficacy of this agent has not been studied in individuals with early psychosis. Objective: To examine the clinical efficacy of the adjunctive use of BZ for symptoms in people with early psychosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using a placebo-controlled double-masked parallel-group design, this randomized clinical trial was conducted from August 2015 to July 2018. Participants aged between 15 and 45 years experiencing early psychosis were enrolled from 5 major clinical sites in Queensland, Australia. Data analysis was conducted from October 2018 to February 2020. Interventions: Participants were randomized 1:1 (50 participants in each group) to receive 500 mg of sodium benzoate twice daily or placebo for 12 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score at 12 weeks. The key secondary efficacy measures were (1) the Clinical Global Impression score, (2) the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale for depression, (3) functioning as assessed by the clinician-rated Global Assessment of Function, and (4) the Assessment of Quality of Life Scale. The PANSS subscale scores and impact on selected amino acid concentrations were also assessed. Results: The study comprised 100 participants with a mean (SD) age of 21.4 (4.1) years, of whom 73 (73%) were male individuals. The mean (SD) baseline PANSS score was 75.3 (15.4). We found no improvement in total PANSS score in the BZ group compared with the placebo group. The end result of least-squares mean difference (SE) for total PANSS was -1.2 (2.4) (P = .63). There were no differences in any subscales of the PANSS, any secondary measures, nor any amino acid concentrations. The dose of BZ was well tolerated without any clinically significant treatment-emergent adverse event differences between BZ and placebo groups. Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, there was no evidence that adjunctive use of 500 mg of BZ twice daily is an effective treatment for individuals with early psychosis. Trial Registration: anzctr.org.au Identifier: ACTRN12615000187549.",
author = "Scott, {James G.} and Andrea Baker and Lim, {Carmen C.W.} and Sharon Foley and Frances Dark and Anne Gordon and David Ward and Drew Richardson and George Bruxner and Beckmann, {K. Martin} and Sean Hatherill and Stephen Stathis and Krystal Dixon and Ryan, {Alexander E.} and McWhinney, {Brett C.} and Ungerer, {Jacobus P.J.} and Michael Berk and Dean, {Olivia M.} and Sukanta Saha and John McGrath",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24335",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "e2024335",
journal = "JAMA Network Open",
issn = "2574-3805",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of Sodium Benzoate vs Placebo Among Individuals With Early Psychosis

T2 - A Randomized Clinical Trial

AU - Scott, James G.

AU - Baker, Andrea

AU - Lim, Carmen C.W.

AU - Foley, Sharon

AU - Dark, Frances

AU - Gordon, Anne

AU - Ward, David

AU - Richardson, Drew

AU - Bruxner, George

AU - Beckmann, K. Martin

AU - Hatherill, Sean

AU - Stathis, Stephen

AU - Dixon, Krystal

AU - Ryan, Alexander E.

AU - McWhinney, Brett C.

AU - Ungerer, Jacobus P.J.

AU - Berk, Michael

AU - Dean, Olivia M.

AU - Saha, Sukanta

AU - McGrath, John

PY - 2020/11

Y1 - 2020/11

N2 - Importance: There is evidence that sodium benzoate (BZ) may be an effective adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia. The clinical efficacy of BZ has been investigated in chronic schizophrenia; however, the efficacy of this agent has not been studied in individuals with early psychosis. Objective: To examine the clinical efficacy of the adjunctive use of BZ for symptoms in people with early psychosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using a placebo-controlled double-masked parallel-group design, this randomized clinical trial was conducted from August 2015 to July 2018. Participants aged between 15 and 45 years experiencing early psychosis were enrolled from 5 major clinical sites in Queensland, Australia. Data analysis was conducted from October 2018 to February 2020. Interventions: Participants were randomized 1:1 (50 participants in each group) to receive 500 mg of sodium benzoate twice daily or placebo for 12 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score at 12 weeks. The key secondary efficacy measures were (1) the Clinical Global Impression score, (2) the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale for depression, (3) functioning as assessed by the clinician-rated Global Assessment of Function, and (4) the Assessment of Quality of Life Scale. The PANSS subscale scores and impact on selected amino acid concentrations were also assessed. Results: The study comprised 100 participants with a mean (SD) age of 21.4 (4.1) years, of whom 73 (73%) were male individuals. The mean (SD) baseline PANSS score was 75.3 (15.4). We found no improvement in total PANSS score in the BZ group compared with the placebo group. The end result of least-squares mean difference (SE) for total PANSS was -1.2 (2.4) (P = .63). There were no differences in any subscales of the PANSS, any secondary measures, nor any amino acid concentrations. The dose of BZ was well tolerated without any clinically significant treatment-emergent adverse event differences between BZ and placebo groups. Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, there was no evidence that adjunctive use of 500 mg of BZ twice daily is an effective treatment for individuals with early psychosis. Trial Registration: anzctr.org.au Identifier: ACTRN12615000187549.

AB - Importance: There is evidence that sodium benzoate (BZ) may be an effective adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia. The clinical efficacy of BZ has been investigated in chronic schizophrenia; however, the efficacy of this agent has not been studied in individuals with early psychosis. Objective: To examine the clinical efficacy of the adjunctive use of BZ for symptoms in people with early psychosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using a placebo-controlled double-masked parallel-group design, this randomized clinical trial was conducted from August 2015 to July 2018. Participants aged between 15 and 45 years experiencing early psychosis were enrolled from 5 major clinical sites in Queensland, Australia. Data analysis was conducted from October 2018 to February 2020. Interventions: Participants were randomized 1:1 (50 participants in each group) to receive 500 mg of sodium benzoate twice daily or placebo for 12 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score at 12 weeks. The key secondary efficacy measures were (1) the Clinical Global Impression score, (2) the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale for depression, (3) functioning as assessed by the clinician-rated Global Assessment of Function, and (4) the Assessment of Quality of Life Scale. The PANSS subscale scores and impact on selected amino acid concentrations were also assessed. Results: The study comprised 100 participants with a mean (SD) age of 21.4 (4.1) years, of whom 73 (73%) were male individuals. The mean (SD) baseline PANSS score was 75.3 (15.4). We found no improvement in total PANSS score in the BZ group compared with the placebo group. The end result of least-squares mean difference (SE) for total PANSS was -1.2 (2.4) (P = .63). There were no differences in any subscales of the PANSS, any secondary measures, nor any amino acid concentrations. The dose of BZ was well tolerated without any clinically significant treatment-emergent adverse event differences between BZ and placebo groups. Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, there was no evidence that adjunctive use of 500 mg of BZ twice daily is an effective treatment for individuals with early psychosis. Trial Registration: anzctr.org.au Identifier: ACTRN12615000187549.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85096079713&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24335

DO - 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24335

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33170261

AN - SCOPUS:85096079713

VL - 3

SP - e2024335

JO - JAMA Network Open

JF - JAMA Network Open

SN - 2574-3805

IS - 11

ER -