Effect of section thickness on cone beam computed tomography-based measurements of intrabony defects compared with clinical measurements

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  • Natasa Nikolic-Jakoba, University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • Milena Barac, University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • Sasa Jankovic, University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • Zoran Aleksic, University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • Rubens Spin-Neto
  • Ann Wenzel

Background It is unknown whether cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) image reconstruction characteristics, including section thickness, may affect linear bone measurements of periodontal intrabony defects. The aim of this study was to compare intrasurgical and CBCT-based linear measurements of intrabony defects focusing on CBCT section thickness. Methods Sixty-six intrabony defects were assessed in 21 patients with chronic generalized severe periodontitis. Linear measurements of alveolar bone (radiographic bone level [rBL]), assessed in CBCT images at diverse section thicknesses: 0.25 mm (voxel size), 1 mm, and 3 mm, were compared with clinical bone level (cBL) measurements obtained intrasurgically. To provide identical reference points for rBL and cBL measurements, individually adjusted grooves on the reference stent were prepared for each periodontal defect site. CBCT measurements were performed in two rounds by two trained observers. Observer agreement was assessed by intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). ANOVA assessed the difference among cBL and rBL at different section thicknesses. Results Intra- and inter-observer agreement was excellent (ICC >0.99) and highly significant independent of the observer, evaluation round, and CBCT section thickness. Mean rBL in the diverse CBCT section thicknesses was very close to that measured clinically (cBL). There was no statistically significant difference between cBL and rBL for any section thickness, neither for the overall evaluated sites, nor the maxilla or mandible separately. Conclusions No statistically significant difference between clinical and radiographic bone level for 0.25-, 1-, and 3-mm CBCT section thicknesses were observed when assessing intrabony periodontal defects.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Pages (from-to)670-677
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

    Research areas

  • cone beam computed tomography, diagnosis, periodontitis, IMAGES

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